Greenland is the world's largest non-continental island, in the far northeast of North America, largely within the Arctic Circle. Although it is still part of the Kingdom of Denmark, it was granted self-government effective in 1979, more recently it voted for more autonomy, in effect making it a separate country with formal ties to Denmark, and a member of the Nordic Council.

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Ilulissat is a city in Western Greenland. Located in the Disco Bay just by the icefjord, from which it has gotten its name, Ilulissat has one of the most beautiful settings for a great Greenlandic experience.

Kangerlussuaq is a settlement on the west coast of Greenland near the end of a fjord of the same name.


Western Greenland is a region of Greenland. Home to the capital, Nuuk, this is the part of Greenland that you would probably think of if you've only seen the stereotypical picture.

The Southern coast of Greenland is jokingly nicknamed "Sineriak Bananeqarfik" by the locals.

The East Coast of Greenland is not as densely inhabited as the West, and is thus more of an "off the beaten track" destination than the west.

The Far North of Greenland is sparsely inhabited and exceptionally cold.


  • Location: 
  • Population:  56,400
  • Latitude of center:  72° north
  • Longitude of center:  40° west
  • Average elevation:  3,009 meters (9,872 feet)
  • Capital:  Nuuk
  • Area:  2,166,086 km² (836,330 miles²)
  • Languages:  Kalaallisut, Danish, English
  • Currency:  Krone (DKK)
  • Phone code:  299
  • Internet domain:  .gl
  • Wikidata:  Greenland
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Greenland

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Other Names for Greenland

  • Afrikaans:  Groenland
  • Akan:  Greenman
  • Amharic:  ግሪንላንድ
  • Arabic:  غرينلاند
  • Azerbaijani:  Qrinland
  • Bambara:  Gɔrɔhenelandi
  • Basque:  Groenlandia
  • Belarusian:  Грэнландыя
  • Bengali:  গ্রীনল্যান্ড
  • Bosnian:  Grenland
  • Breton:  Greunland
  • Bulgarian:  Гренландия
  • Burmese:  ဂရင်းလန်း
  • Catalan:  Grenlàndia
  • Chinese:  格陵兰
  • Croatian:  Grenland
  • Czech:  Grónsko
  • Danish:  Grønland
  • Dutch:  Groen-Landt, Groen-land, Groenland, Groenlandt
  • Esperanto:  Gronlando
  • Estonian:  Gröönimaa
  • Ewe:  Grinland nutome
  • Faroese:  Grønland
  • Finnish:  Grönlanti
  • French:  Groenland
  • Fulah:  Gorwendland
  • Galician:  Grenlandia
  • Ganda:  Gurenelandi
  • Georgian:  გრენლანდია
  • German:  Grönland
  • Greek:  Γροιλανδία
  • Gujarati:  ગ્રીનલેન્ડ
  • Hausa:  Grinlan
  • Hebrew:  גרינלנד, גרנלנד
  • Hindi:  ग्रीनलैण्ड
  • Hungarian:  Grönland
  • Icelandic:  Grænland
  • Indonesian:  Grinlandia
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association):  Groenlandia
  • Irish:  An Ghraonlainn
  • Italian:  Groenlandia
  • Japanese:  グリーンランド
  • Kalaallisut:  Kalaallit Nunaat
  • Kannada:  ಗ್ರೀನ್‌ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
  • Kikuyu:  Grinlandi
  • Korean:  그린란드, 그린랜드
  • Kurdish:  گرینلاند
  • Latvian:  Grenlande
  • Lingala:  Gowelande
  • Lithuanian:  Grenlandija
  • Low German:  Gröönland
  • Luba-Katanga:  Ngowelande
  • Macedonian:  Гренланд
  • Malagasy:  Groenland
  • Malayalam:  ഗ്രീന്‍ലാന്‍റ്
  • Maltese:  Grinlandja
  • Marathi:  ग्रीनलंड
  • Nepali (macrolanguage):  ग्रिनल्याण्ड
  • Northern Sami:  Kalaallit Nunaat
  • Norwegian Bokmål:  Grønland
  • Norwegian Nynorsk:  Grønland
  • Oriya (macrolanguage):  ଗ୍ରୀନଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
  • Persian:  گروئنلند, گرینلاند
  • Polish:  Grenlandia
  • Portuguese:  Groenlândia, Gronelândia
  • Romanian:  Groenlanda
  • Romansh:  Grönlanda
  • Rundi:  Gurunilandi
  • Russian:  Гренландия
  • Sango:  Gorolânde
  • Serbian:  Гренланд
  • Sinhala:  ග්‍රීන්ලන්තය
  • Slovak:  Grónsko
  • Slovenian:  Grenlandija
  • Spanish:  Groenlandia
  • Swahili (macrolanguage):  Grinlandi
  • Swedish:  Grönland
  • Tamil:  கிரீன்லாந்து
  • Telugu:  గ్రీన్లేండ్
  • Thai:  กรีนแลนด์
  • Tigrinya:  ግሪንላንድ
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands):  Kulinileni
  • Turkish:  Grönland
  • Ukrainian:  Гренландія, Ґренландія
  • Urdu:  گرین لینڈ
  • Vietnamese:  Băng Đảo
  • Welsh:  Yr Ynys Las
  • Yoruba:  Orílẹ́ède Gerelandi
  • Zulu:  i-Greenland

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