Iraq

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Iraq is a country in the Middle East. It lies at the north end of the Persian Gulf and has a small coastline in the southeast of the country. It is surrounded by Iran to the east, Kuwait to the south, Saudi Arabia to the southwest, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, and Turkey to the north.

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Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. Once one of the greatest centres of learning and culture in the Islamic world, Baghdad has a long and illustrious history.
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Arbil is the capital and largest city in Iraqi Kurdistan, and the fourth-largest city in Iraq.
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Mosul is a city in Iraq's Al Jazira region, and is the country's second largest city by population.

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Kurdistan refers to portions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria, however only the Iraqi region of Kurdistan is discussed here.
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Lower Mesopotamia, the Cradle of Civilization stretches south of Iraq's Baghdad Belts to Kuwait, in the Land between the Rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris.
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The Baghdad Belts are at the cultural and political center of Iraq, radiating outward from the center at Baghdad.
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Al Jazira is a region largely between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the north of Iraq.
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The Iraqi Desert covers the western and southwestern parts of Iraq, spanning an enormous, but barely populated region of desert wasteland.

Iraq

  • Location:  ,
  • Population:  29,700,000
  • Latitude of center:  33° north
  • Longitude of center:  44° east
  • Average elevation:  44 meters (144 feet)
  • Capital:  Baghdad
  • Area:  437,072 km² (168,754 miles²)
  • Languages:  Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian
  • Currency:  Dinar (IQD)
  • Phone code:  964
  • Internet domain:  .iq
  • Neighbors:  Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey
  • Wikidata:  Iraq
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Iraq

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Other Names for Iraq

  • Afrikaans:  Irak
  • Akan:  Irak
  • Albanian:  Irak, Iraku
  • Amharic:  ኢራቅ
  • Arabic:  العراق, جمهورية العراق
  • Armenian:  Իրաք
  • Azerbaijani:  İrak, İraq
  • Bambara:  Iraki
  • Basque:  Irak
  • Belarusian:  Ірак
  • Bengali:  ইরাক
  • Bosnian:  Irak
  • Bulgarian:  Ирак
  • Burmese:  အီရတ်
  • Central Khmer:  អ៊ីរ៉ាក់
  • Chinese:  伊拉克
  • Chuvash:  Ирак
  • Cornish:  Irak
  • Croatian:  Irak
  • Czech:  Irák
  • Danish:  Irak
  • Dutch:  Irak
  • Dzongkha:  ཨི་རཀ
  • English:  Republic of Iraq
  • Esperanto:  Irako
  • Estonian:  Iraak
  • Ewe:  iraqdukɔ
  • Faroese:  Irak
  • Finnish:  Irak
  • French:  Irak
  • Fulah:  Iraak
  • Galician:  Iraq - العراق
  • Ganda:  Yiraaka
  • Georgian:  ერაყი
  • German:  Irak
  • Greek:  Ιράκ
  • Gujarati:  ઇરાક
  • Haitian:  Irak
  • Hausa:  Iraƙi
  • Hebrew:  עיראק, עירק
  • Hindi:  इराक, इराक़, ईराक
  • Hungarian:  Irak
  • Icelandic:  Írak
  • Ido:  Irak
  • Iloko:  Irak
  • Indonesian:  Irak
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association):  Irak
  • Irish:  An Iaráic
  • Japanese:  イラク, イラク共和国
  • Kalaallisut:  Irak
  • Kannada:  ಇರಾಕ್
  • Kikuyu:  Iraki
  • Korean:  이라크
  • Kurdish:  Komar-î ‘Êraq, عێراق, كۆمارى عێراق, ‘Êraq
  • Lao:  ອີລັກ
  • Latin:  Iraquia, Mesopotamia
  • Latvian:  Irāka
  • Limburgan:  Irak
  • Lingala:  Iraki
  • Lithuanian:  Irakas
  • Low German:  Irak
  • Luba-Katanga:  Iraki
  • Luxembourgish:  Irak
  • Macedonian:  Ирак
  • Malagasy:  Irak
  • Malayalam:  ഇറാക്ക്, ഇറാഖ്‌
  • Marathi:  इराक
  • Nauru:  Irak
  • Nepali (macrolanguage):  इराक
  • North Ndebele:  Iraki
  • Northern Sami:  Irak
  • Norwegian:  Irak
  • Norwegian Bokmål:  Irak
  • Norwegian Nynorsk:  Irak
  • Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE):  ܥܪܩ
  • Old English (ca. 450-1100):  Irac
  • Oriya (macrolanguage):  ଇରାକ୍
  • Ossetian:  Ирак
  • Persian:  عراق
  • Polish:  Irak
  • Portuguese:  Iraque
  • Pushto:  عراق
  • Romanian:  Irak, Ирак
  • Romansh:  Irac
  • Rundi:  Iraki
  • Russian:  Ирак
  • Sango:  Irâki
  • Sanskrit:  ईराक
  • Scottish Gaelic:  Iorac
  • Serbian:  Ирак
  • Serbo-Croatian:  Irak
  • Sinhala:  ඉරාකය
  • Slovak:  Irak
  • Slovenian:  Irak
  • Somali:  Ciraaq
  • Spanish:  Irak
  • Swahili (macrolanguage):  Iraki
  • Swedish:  Irak
  • Tajik:  Ироқ
  • Tamil:  இராக், ஈராக்
  • Tatar:  Ğíraq
  • Telugu:  ఇరాక్
  • Thai:  ประเทศอิรัก, อิรัก
  • Tibetan:  ཨི་རག།
  • Tigrinya:  ኢራቅ
  • Tok Pisin:  Irak
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands):  ʻIulaaki
  • Turkish:  Irak
  • Udmurt:  Ирак
  • Uighur:  ئىراق
  • Ukrainian:  Ірак
  • Upper Sorbian:  Irak
  • Urdu:  عراق
  • Uzbek:  Iroq
  • Vietnamese:  I-rắc
  • Volapük:  Lirakän
  • Welsh:  Irac
  • Western Frisian:  Irak
  • Yiddish:  איראק
  • Yoruba:  Orílẹ́ède Iraki
  • Zulu:  i-Iraq
  • Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Irāqīyah
  • Al ‘Irāq
  • Jumhūrīyat al ‘Irāq

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