Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, spanning Eastern Europe and northern Asia, sharing land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, Belarus, and

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Moscow is the 860 year-old capital of Russia. A truly iconic, global city, Moscow has played a central role in the development of Russia and the world.

Saint Petersburg, known as Petrograd in 1914-1924 and Leningrad in 1924-1991, is the second largest city of Russia, with 5 million inhabitants, and the former capital of the Russian Empire.

Sochi is one of the southernmost places of Russia and the second-largest city of Krasnodar Krai, with a population of 415,000.


Central Russia is located in the country's extreme west, but it casts the main role in Russian history and economics.

Northwestern Russia is a region of Russia stretching from the major population center of Leningrad Oblast on the Baltic Sea to vast, remote, and empty lands above the Arctic Circle.

The Far Eastern Federal District or Far Eastern Russia is the easternmost part of Russia or unofficial edge of the world, comprising a third of the country's land area, with 6.3 million in habitants.

Siberia is a region in Russia. Historically, Siberia included all Russian territory in north Asia, with the Urals and the Russian Far East; this article however covers the Siberian Federal District.

Southern Russia is a region in Russia bordering the country's Central and Volga Regions to the north, Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea to the east, Azerbaijan and Georgia to the south, the Black Sea and Ukraine to the west.

The Volga Region, is the large region of Russia in the Volga Basin, centered along the Volga River.

The Urals is a common geographical name of the area of Russia around the Ural Mountains.

Chernozem is the exceptionally fertile "Black Earth" belt in European Russia along the border with Ukraine, famous for its rich, deep, black soil.

Kaliningrad Oblast is Russia's only oblast that is removed from the rest of Russia.


  • Location: 
  • Population:  141,000,000
  • Latitude of center:  61° north
  • Longitude of center:  94° east
  • Average elevation:  307 meters (1,007 feet)
  • Capital:  Moscow
  • Area:  17,100,000 km² (6,602,347 miles²)
  • Languages:  Russian, Tatar, Kalmyk, Caucasian languages, Adyghe, Komi, Chechen, Tuvinian, Chuvash, Udmurt, Altaic languages, Mansi, Buriat, Erzya, Moksha, Mari (Russia), Bashkir, Ingush, Kabardian, Karachay-Balkar, Avaric, Yakut, Nogai
  • Currency:  Ruble (RUB)
  • Phone code:  7
  • Internet domain:  .ru
  • Neighbors:  Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Ukraine
  • Wikidata:  Russia
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Russia

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Other Names for Russia

  • Afrikaans:  Rusland
  • Akan:  Rɔhyea
  • Albanian:  Rusi
  • Amharic:  ራሺያ
  • Arabic:  روسيا
  • Armenian:  Ռուսաստան
  • Assamese:  ৰুচ
  • Azerbaijani:  Rusiya
  • Bambara:  Irisi
  • Basque:  Errusia
  • Belarusian:  Расійская Федэрацыя, Расія
  • Bengali:  রাশিয়া, রাশিয়া
  • Bosnian:  Rusija
  • Breton:  Rusia
  • Bulgarian:  Русия, Руска Федерация
  • Burmese:  ရုရှ
  • Catalan:  Rússia
  • Central Khmer:  រូស្ស៊ី
  • Chinese:  俄罗斯
  • Cornish:  Russi
  • Croatian:  Rusija, Ruska Federacija
  • Czech:  Rusko
  • Danish:  Rusland
  • Dutch:  Rusland, Russische Federatie
  • English:  Russian Federation, Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  • Esperanto:  Rusujo
  • Estonian:  Venemaa
  • Ewe:  Russia nutome
  • Faroese:  Russland
  • Finnish:  Venäjä
  • French:  Russie
  • Fulah:  Riisii
  • Galician:  Rusia
  • Ganda:  Lasa
  • Georgian:  რუსეთი
  • German:  Russische Föderation, Russland
  • Greek:  Ρωσία
  • Gujarati:  રશિયન ફેડરેશન
  • Hausa:  Rasha
  • Hebrew:  חבר המדינות הרוסיות, רוסיה, הפדרציה של
  • Hindi:  रूस
  • Hungarian:  Oroszországi Föderáció
  • Icelandic:  Rússland
  • Indonesian:  Rusia
  • Irish:  Cónaidhm na Rúise
  • Italian:  Federazione Russa
  • Japanese:  ロシア
  • Kalaallisut:  Ruslandi
  • Kannada:  ರಶಿಯಾ
  • Karelian:  Venäjä
  • Kazakh:  Ресей
  • Kikuyu:  Urusi
  • Korean:  러시아
  • Kurdish:  ڕووسیا
  • Lao:  ລັດເຊຍ
  • Latvian:  Krievija
  • Lingala:  Risí
  • Lithuanian:  Rusijos Federacija
  • Livvi:  Ven'a
  • Luba-Katanga:  Risi
  • Macedonian:  Русија
  • Malagasy:  Rosia
  • Malay (macrolanguage):  Rusia
  • Malayalam:  റഷ്യ
  • Maltese:  Russja
  • Marathi:  रशिया
  • Mongolian:  Орос
  • Nepali (macrolanguage):  रूस
  • North Ndebele:  Rashiya
  • Northern Sami:  Ruošša
  • Norwegian:  Russland
  • Norwegian Bokmål:  Den russiske føderasjon, Russland
  • Norwegian Nynorsk:  Den russiske føderasjon, Russland
  • Oriya (macrolanguage):  ରୁଷିଆ
  • Persian:  روسیه
  • Polish:  Rosja
  • Portuguese:  Rússia
  • Pushto:  روسیه
  • Romanian:  Federația Rusă, Rusia
  • Rundi:  Uburusiya
  • Russian:  Российская Федерация, Россия
  • Sango:  Rusïi
  • Serbian:  Русија
  • Sichuan Yi:  ꊉꇆꌦ
  • Sinhala:  රුසියාව
  • Slovak:  Rusko, Ruská federácia
  • Slovenian:  Rusija, Ruska federacija
  • Somali:  Ruush
  • Spanish:  Rusia
  • Swahili (macrolanguage):  Urusi
  • Swedish:  Ryssland
  • Tamil:  ரஷ்யா
  • Tatar:  Россия
  • Telugu:  రష్య
  • Thai:  รัสเซีย
  • Tibetan:  ཨུ་རུ་སུ་
  • Tigrinya:  ራሺያ
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands):  Lūsia
  • Turkish:  Rusya Federasyonu, Rusya
  • Ukrainian:  Російська Федерація, Росія
  • Urdu:  روسی
  • Uzbek:  Россия
  • Vietnamese:  Nga
  • Welsh:  Rwsia
  • Western Frisian:  Ruslân
  • Yoruba:  Orílẹ́ède Rọṣia
  • Zulu:  i-Russia
  • Rossiya
  • Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
  • Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika

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