Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe, occupying the Italian Peninsula and the Po Valley south of the . Once the core of the mighty Roman Empire, and the cradle of the Renaissance, it is also home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world, including high art and monuments.

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, the 'Eternal City', is the capital and largest city of Italy and of the region. Photo: MJSmit, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a rugged and attractive island on the southern tip of Italy, and is one of the country's 20 regions. Photo: Miguel Virkkunen Carvalho, CC BY 2.0.

is a region on Italy's west coast, on the Tyrrhenian sea. Photo: Massimo Telò, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a northern region of Italy, and with 10 million people is the most populous one. Photo: Paul Arps, CC BY 2.0.


contains several distinctive regions that have played a formidable role not only in Italian history, but in world history, as the centres of the Etruscan and Roman civilizations and of the Holy See of the Catholic Church. Photo: Martin Falbisoner, CC BY-SA 3.0.

consists of four of Italy's regions: , , and Valle d'Aosta. Photo: Ximonic, CC BY 2.5.

, sometimes known as the Mezzogiorno, is arguably as much a state of mind and a culture as a location, but for the purposes of this guide, it starts south of the boundaries of the Molise and Campania regions. Photo: Inkey, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics, a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency.

is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after , between the Balearic islands and the Italian peninsula and south of . Photo: Mauromereu, CC BY-SA 3.0.


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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Italy. See this page's contributions. Photo: vilavelosa, CC BY 2.0.