The Sahel is a region of Africa at the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. There is a very low population in this area of Africa. Cities are rare and far between but here are the main ones.

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Niamey, the capital of Niger, is a lively, fairly modern city of around 800,000 on the banks of the Niger River in the Tillaberi region in the far southwest of Niger.

Niger is an arid, landlocked country of the Sahel with a population of 12 million.

Sudan is the third largest country in Africa and sixteenth largest in the world, bordering Egypt, Eritrea, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan.


A landlocked country in the Sahel, Mali is bordered by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania.

Mauritania is the least developed and poorest country in northwest Africa.

Chad is one of the poorest and most corruptly mis-governed countries in the world, with most of its inhabitants living in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers.


  • Location: 
  • Latitude of center:  14° 18' (14.3°) north
  • Longitude of center:  21° 42' (21.7°) east
  • Neighbors:  North Africa
  • Wikidata:  Sahel
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Sahel

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