Sakhalin, formerly known as Karafuto to the Japanese, is a large and very sparsely populated island which was the center of a long power struggle between /USSR and for control of its large oil and gas resources.

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, also spelled Uzno-Sakhalinsk and previously known in Japanese as Toyohara, is the largest city and capital of , in the , with a population of around 173,000.


is a port town of 36,652 people in , .

is a city and important oil hub on the northern tip of in the .

is a port town in facing the Tartar Strait, with a population of some 35.000 people.

is a city in on the island of in , roughly 2/3 up the island.

is a port town on the northwest coast of , on the shores of the Tatar Strait.


  • Type:  island
  • Location:  , ,
  • Population:  673,000
  • Latitude of center:  51° north
  • Longitude of center:  143° east
  • Elevation:  320 meters (1050 feet)
  • Wikidata:  Sakhalin
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Sakhalin

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Afrikaans:  Sachalin Arabic:  سخالين Armenian:  Սախալին Azerbaijani:  Saxalin adası Belarusian:  Востраў Сахалін Bengali:  সাখালিন দ্বীপ Bosnian:  Sahalin Breton:  Sachalin Bulgarian:  Сахалин Catalan:  Sakhalín Chechen:  Сахалин Chinese:  库页岛 Chuvash:  Сахалин Croatian:  Sahalin Czech:  Sachalin Dutch:  Sachalin English:  Saghalian Island Esperanto:  Saĥaleno Estonian:  Sahhalin Finnish:  Sahalin French:  Sakhaline Georgian:  სახალინი German:  Sachalin
Greek:  Σαχαλίνη Hebrew:  סחלין Hindi:  साख़ालिन Hungarian:  Szahalin Italian:  Sachalin Japanese:  樺太 Kazakh:  Сахалин Korean:  사할린 섬 Latin:  Sachalina Latvian:  Sahalīna Lithuanian:  Sachalinas Macedonian:  Сахалин Malayalam:  സഖാലിൻ ദ്വീപ്‌ Marathi:  साखालिन Mazanderani:  ساخالین Panjabi:  ਸਾਖਾਲਿਨ ਟਾਪੂ Persian:  ساخالین Polish:  Sachalin Portuguese:  Sacalina Romanian:  Insula Sahalin Russian:  Остров Сахалин Russian:  Сахалин Serbian:  Сахалин
Serbo-Croatian:  Sahalin Slovak:  Sachalin Spanish:  Isla de Sajalín Swedish:  Sachalin Tamil:  சக்கலின் Tatar:  Сахалин Thai:  เกาะซาฮาลิน Turkish:  Sahalin Uighur:  ساخالىن Ukrainian:  Сахалін Uzbek:  Saxalin Vlaams:  Sakhalien Welsh:  Sachalin Western Frisian:  Sachalin Wu Chinese:  桦太岛 Yakut:  Сахалин Yue Chinese:  庫頁島 Kabafuto Karafuto Ostrov Sakhalin Q7792 Saghalien Saghalin

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