Russia

Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, spanning and northern , as well as eleven time zones.
Photo: Wikimedia, Public domain.

Popular Destinations

Since its founding in 1147, has been at the crossroads of history as the capital of empires and a frequent target for invaders. Photo: Alvesgaspar, CC BY-SA 3.0.

, known as Petrograd in 1914-1924 and Leningrad in 1924-1991, is the second largest city of Russia, with 5.4 million inhabitants, and the former capital of the Russian Empire. Photo: Albabos, CC BY 3.0.

is a region in Russia. Historically, the term includes all Russian territory in north , with the and the ; this article however covers the Siberian Federal District. Photo: Efenstor, CC0.

is the region surrounding the city of in the heart of . Photo: Даша Каретникова, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Destinations

is a region of Russia stretching from the major population center of on the Baltic Sea to vast, remote, and empty lands above the Arctic Circle. Photo: Pedro J Pacheco, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is in the country's extreme west, but it casts the main role in Russian history and economics. Photo: Heuschrecke, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The Far Eastern Federal District or Far Eastern Russia is the easternmost part of Russia or unofficial edge of the world, comprising a third of the country's land area, with 6.3 million inhabitants. Photo: Lazyhawk, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a region in Russia bordering the country's and Regions to the north, and the Caspian Sea to the east, and to the south, the Black Sea and to the west. Photo: Lord Mountbatten, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The is a historical region in Russia that encompasses the drainage basin of the Volga River, the longest river in , in central and southern . Photo: Serss, CC BY 3.0.

The is a common geographical name of the area of Russia around the Ural Mountains. Photo: Важнов Алексей Геннадьевич, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Chernozem is the exceptionally fertile "Black Earth" belt in European Russia along the border with , famous for its rich, deep, black soil. Photo: Лобачев Владимир, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is Russia's only oblast that is removed from the rest of Russia. Photo: Digr, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Russia

Latitude of center
61° or 61° north
Longitude of center
94° or 94° east
Population
143,000,000
Elevation
307 metres (1007 feet)
Capital
Area
17,100,000 km² (6,602,347 miles²)
Currency
Ruble (RUB)
Phone code
7
Internet domain
.ru
Open­Street­Map ID
node 424314830
Geo­Names ID
2017370
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Also Known As

  • Abkhazian: Rusya
  • Abkhazian: Урыстәыла
  • Achinese: Rusia
  • Adyghe: Урысые
  • Afar: Rossiya
  • Afar: Russia
  • Afrikaans: Rusland
  • Akan: Russia
  • Akan: Rɔhyea
  • Albanian: Rusi
  • Albanian: Rusia
  • Amharic: ሩሲያ
  • Amharic: ራሺያ
  • Arabic: Rusya
  • Arabic: روسيا
  • Arabic: روسيا الاتحادية
  • Aragonese: Rusia
  • Armenian: ՌԴ
  • Armenian: Ռուսաստան
  • Armenian: Ռուսաստանի Դաշնություն
  • Armenian: Ռուսիա
  • Arpitan: Russia
  • Arpitan: Russie
  • Assamese: ৰাছিয়া
  • Assamese: ৰুচ
  • Asturian: Rusia
  • Atayal: Russia
  • Atikamekw: Russie
  • Avaric: Rossia
  • Avaric: ГIурус пачалихъ
  • Avaric: Россиялъул Федерация
  • Awadhi: रूस
  • Aymara: Rusiya
  • Azerbaijani: Rusiya
  • Balinese: Rusia
  • Bambara: Irisi
  • Bambara: Risila
  • Banjar: Rusia
  • Bashkir: Рәсәй
  • Bashkir: Рәсәй Федерацияһы
  • Basque: Errusia
  • Bavarian: Russland
  • Belarusian: Расея
  • Belarusian: Расійская Федэрацыя
  • Belarusian: Расія
  • Bengali: রাশিয়া
  • Bengali: রাশিয়া
  • Bengali: রুশ ফেডারেশন
  • Bhojpuri: रशा
  • Bhojpuri: रशिया
  • Bhojpuri: रसा
  • Bhojpuri: रूस
  • Bishnupriya: রাশিয়া
  • Bislama: Rusia
  • Bosnian: Rusija
  • Brahui: Rús
  • Breton: Rusia
  • Buginese: Russia
  • Bulgarian: РФ
  • Bulgarian: Русия
  • Bulgarian: Руска Федерация
  • Bulgarian: Руска федерация
  • Burmese: ရုရှ
  • Burmese: ရုရှားနိုင်ငံ
  • Cajun French: Russie
  • Catalan: Federació Russa
  • Catalan: Federació de Rússia
  • Catalan: Rússia
  • Cebuano: Rusya
  • Central Bikol: Rusya
  • Central Kurdish: ڕووسیا
  • Chamorro: Russia
  • Chavacano: Rusia
  • Chechen: Росси
  • Cherokee: ᏲᏂᎢ
  • Cherokee: ᏲᏂᏱ
  • Cheyenne: Russia
  • Chinese: Lō͘-se-a
  • Chinese: Éluósī
  • Chinese:
  • Chinese: 俄国
  • Chinese: 俄國
  • Chinese: 俄罗斯/俄羅斯
  • Chinese: 俄罗斯
  • Chinese: 俄羅斯
  • Chinese: 露西亞
  • Church Slavic: Рѡсїꙗ
  • Chuvash: Раççей Патшалăхĕ
  • Chuvash: Раççей Федерацийĕ
  • Cornish: Russi
  • Corsican: Russia
  • Cree: ᐊᓯᐊ
  • Crimean Tatar: RF
  • Crimean Tatar: Rusiye
  • Crimean Tatar: Rusiye Federatsiyası
  • Croatian: Rusija
  • Croatian: Ruska Federacija
  • Czech: RF
  • Czech: Rusko
  • Czech: Ruská federace
  • Danish: Rusland
  • Dhivehi: ރޫސީވިލާތް
  • Dimli (individual language): Rusya
  • Dinka: Ruccia
  • Dotyali: रुस
  • Dotyali: रूस
  • Dutch: RU
  • Dutch: RUS
  • Dutch: Rusland
  • Dutch: Russische Federatie
  • Dzongkha: ར་ཤི་ཡཱན་ཕེ་ཌི་རེ་ཤཱན
  • Eastern Mari: Россий
  • Egyptian Arabic: روسيا
  • English: RF
  • English: RU
  • English: RUS
  • English: Rossija
  • English: Rossijskaja Federatsija
  • English: Rossiya
  • English: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
  • English: Rus
  • English: Russian Federation
  • English: Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic
  • English: Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
  • English: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  • English: ru
  • Erzya: Россия
  • Erzya: Россия Мастор
  • Esperanto: Rusio
  • Esperanto: Ruslando
  • Esperanto: Rusujo
  • Estonian: Venemaa
  • Estonian: Venemaa Föderatsioon
  • Ewe: Russia
  • Ewe: Russia nutome
  • Extremaduran: Russia
  • Faroese: Russland
  • Fiji Hindi: Russia
  • Fijian: Rusi
  • Finnish: Venäjä
  • Finnish: Venäjän federaatio
  • French: Fédération de Russie
  • French: RU
  • French: Rus.
  • French: Russie
  • French: ru
  • Friulian: Russie
  • Fulah: Riisii
  • Fulah: Roosiya
  • Gagauz: Rusiya
  • Galician: Rusia
  • Galician: رۊسيه
  • Gan Chinese: 俄羅斯
  • Ganda: Lasa
  • Ganda: Rwasha
  • Georgian: რუსეთი
  • Georgian: რუსეთის ფედერაცია
  • German: Russische Föderation
  • German: Russland
  • German: Russländische Föderation
  • German: Rußische Föderation
  • German: Rußland
  • German: Rußländische Föderation
  • Gilaki: رۊسیه
  • Goan Konkani: रूस
  • Gorontalo: Rusia
  • Gothic: 𐍂𐌿𐍃𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳
  • Greek: Ρωσία
  • Greek: Ρωσική Ομοσπονδία
  • Greek: Ρωσσία
  • Guarani: Rrusia
  • Guarani: Rrúsia
  • Guianese Creole French: Risi
  • Gujarati: રશિયન ફેડરેશન
  • Gujarati: રશિયા
  • Haitian: Risi
  • Hakka Chinese: Ngò-lò-sṳ̂
  • Hausa: Ngò-lò-sṳ̂
  • Hausa: Rasha
  • Hausa: Rūsia
  • Hawaiian: Rūsia
  • Hebrew: הפדרציה הרוסית
  • Hebrew: חבר המדינות הרוסיות
  • Hebrew: רוסיה, הפדרציה של
  • Hebrew: רוסיה
  • Hindi: रूस
  • Hungarian: Oroszország
  • Hungarian: Oroszországi Föderáció
  • Icelandic: Rússland
  • Ido: Rusia
  • Igbo: Mpaghara Russia
  • Iloko: Rusia
  • Inari Sami: Ruošâ federaatio
  • Inari Sami: Ruoššâ
  • Indonesian: Federasi Rusia
  • Indonesian: Rusia
  • Ingush: Эрсече
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Russia
  • Interlingue: Russia
  • Inuktitut: ᐅᓛᓴ
  • Inupiaq: Russia
  • Irish: An Rúis
  • Irish: Cónaidhm na Rúise
  • Italian: Federazione Russa
  • Italian: Russia
  • Jamaican Creole English: Rosha
  • Japanese: ロシア
  • Japanese: ロシア連邦
  • Japanese: ロシア連邦において法人
  • Javanese: Rusia
  • Javanese: Ruslan
  • Kabardian: Урысей
  • Kabiyè: Ruusii
  • Kabuverdianu: Rúsia
  • Kabyle: Rrus
  • Kalaallisut: Ruslandi
  • Kalmyk: Орсин Ниицән
  • Kalo Finnish Romani: Portiko them
  • Kannada: ರಶಿಯಾ
  • Kannada: ರಷ್ಯಾ
  • Kara-Kalpak: Rossiya
  • Karachay-Balkar: Россия Федерация
  • Karelian: Venäjä
  • Kashmiri: روٗس
  • Kashubian: Ruskô
  • Kazakh: Ресей
  • Khmer: រុស្ស៊ី
  • Khmer: រូស្ស៊ី
  • Kikuyu: Russia
  • Kikuyu: Urusi
  • Kinyarwanda: Uburusiya
  • Kirghiz: Орусия
  • Komi-Permyak: Рочму
  • Komi: Рочму
  • Kongo: Rusia
  • Korean: 러시아
  • Korean: 로씨야
  • Korean: 로씨야련방
  • Kotava: Rossia
  • Kurdish: Rûsya
  • Kölsch: Rußland
  • Ladin: Ruscia
  • Ladino: Rusia
  • Lak: Аьрасат
  • Lao: Rusia
  • Lao: ປະເທດລັດເຊຍ
  • Lao: ລັດເຊຍ
  • Lao: ລັດເຊັຽ
  • Latgalian: Krīveja
  • Latin: Foederatio Rossica
  • Latin: Foederatio Russica
  • Latin: Foederatio Ruthenica
  • Latin: Fœderatio Rossica
  • Latin: Fœderatio Russica
  • Latin: Fœderatio Ruthenica
  • Latin: Rossia
  • Latin: Russia
  • Latin: Ruthenia
  • Latvian: Krievija
  • Lezghian: Урусат
  • Ligurian: Ruscia
  • Limburgan: Rusland
  • Lingala: Risí
  • Lingala: Rusí
  • Lingua Franca Nova: Rusia
  • Literary Chinese: 俄羅斯
  • Lithuanian: Rusija
  • Lithuanian: Rusijos Federacija
  • Liv: Krīevõmō
  • Livvi: Ven'a
  • Lojban: rukygu'e
  • Lombard: Rüssia
  • Low German: Ruslaand
  • Low German: Russland
  • Lower Sorbian: Rusojska
  • Luba-Katanga: Risi
  • Luxembourgish: Rossija
  • Luxembourgish: Russesch Federatioun
  • Luxembourgish: Russesch Federatiounsrepublik
  • Luxembourgish: Russland
  • Macedo-Romanian: Arusia
  • Macedonian: Русија
  • Madurese: Rusia
  • Maithili: रूस
  • Malagasy: Rosia
  • Malay: Rusia
  • Malay: روسيا
  • Malayalam: റഷ്യ
  • Malayalam: റഷ്യൻ ഫെഡറേഷൻ
  • Maltese: Federazzjoni Russa
  • Maltese: Russja
  • Manx: Yn Roosh
  • Maori: Rūhia
  • Marathi: रशिया
  • Mazanderani: ئوروسیا
  • Mazanderani: روسیه
  • Min Dong Chinese: Ngò̤-lò̤-sṳ̆
  • Min Nan Chinese: Lō͘-se-a
  • Minangkabau: Russia
  • Minangkabau: daulu banamo Uni Soviet
  • Mingrelian: რუსეთი
  • Mirandese: Rússia
  • Moksha: Рузмастор
  • Mongolian: Орос
  • Mongolian: Оросын Холбооны Улс
  • Moroccan Arabic: روسيا
  • N'Ko: Russia
  • Narom: Russie
  • Nauru: Ratsiya
  • Navajo: Biʼééʼ Łichííʼí Bikéyah
  • Neapolitan: Russia
  • Nepali: रुस
  • Nepali: रूस
  • Newari: रुस
  • Nias: Rusia
  • North Ndebele: Rashiya
  • Northern Frisian: Ruslun
  • Northern Frisian: Ruslönj
  • Northern Luri: روسیه
  • Northern Sami: Ruošša
  • Northern Sami: Ruošša federašuvdna
  • Northern Sami: Ruošša lihttodásseváldi
  • Norwegian: Russland
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Den russiske føderasjon
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Russland
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Den russiske føderasjon
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Russland
  • Novial: Rusia
  • Nyanja: Russia
  • Occitan (post 1500): Russia
  • Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܪܘܣܝܐ
  • Old English (ca. 450-1100): Russland
  • Oriya: ଋଷିଆ
  • Oriya: ରୁଷିଆ
  • Oromo: Raashiyaa
  • Oromo: Russia
  • Ossetian: Уæрæсе
  • Pali: रूस
  • Pampanga: Rusia
  • Pampanga: Rusya
  • Pangasinan: Rusia
  • Panjabi: ਰੂਸ
  • Papiamento: Rusia
  • Pedi: Russia
  • Pennsylvania German: Russland
  • Persian: روسیه
  • Pfaelzisch: Russland
  • Pfaelzisch: Russlond
  • Picard: Russie
  • Piemontese: Russia
  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: Rusha
  • Polish: Federacja Rosyjska
  • Polish: Rosja
  • Pontic: Ρουσία
  • Portuguese: Federação Russa
  • Portuguese: Federação da Rússia
  • Portuguese: Rússia
  • Pushto: روسیه
  • Quechua: Rusiya
  • Quechua: Rusya
  • Romanian: Federația Rusă
  • Romanian: Rusia
  • Romansh: Russia
  • Rundi: Uburusiya
  • Russia Buriat: Оросой холбоото улас
  • Russian: РФ
  • Russian: Российская Федерация
  • Russian: Россия
  • Russian: Русь
  • Rusyn: Росія
  • Sakizaya: Russia
  • Samoan: Lusia
  • Samoan: Rusia
  • Samogitian: Rosėjė
  • Sango: Rusïi
  • Sanskrit: रशिया
  • Sanskrit: रास्या
  • Santali: ᱨᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟ
  • Saraiki: روس
  • Sardinian: Rùssia
  • Saterfriesisch: Ruslound
  • Scots: Roushie
  • Scottish Gaelic: An Ruis
  • Serbian: RU
  • Serbian: Rusija
  • Serbian: ru
  • Serbian: Росискаја
  • Serbian: Росија
  • Serbian: Росијскаја Федерација
  • Serbian: Рус
  • Serbian: Русија
  • Serbian: Руска
  • Serbian: Руска Федерација
  • Serbian: Русланд
  • Serbian: Русја
  • Serbian: Руше
  • Serbo-Croatian: Rusija
  • Serbo-Croatian: Russland
  • Shan: မိူင်းရတ်ႈသျႃး
  • Shona: Russia
  • Shona: Russian Federation
  • Sichuan Yi: ꊉꇆꌦ
  • Sicilian: Russia
  • Silesian: Rusyjo
  • Sindhi: روس
  • Sinhala: රුසියාව
  • Skolt Sami: Ruõššjânnam
  • Slovak: Rusko
  • Slovak: Ruská federácia
  • Slovenian: Rusija
  • Slovenian: Ruska federacija
  • Somali: Ruush
  • Somali: Ruushka
  • South Azerbaijani: روسیه
  • Southern Altai: Россия
  • Southern Sami: Ruassja
  • Southern Sami: Ruassjen federasjovne
  • Southern Sami: Russlaante
  • Southern Sotho: Rashea
  • Southern Sotho: Russia
  • Spanish: Federación Rusa
  • Spanish: Rusia
  • Sranan Tongo: Rusland
  • Sundanese: Rusia
  • Swahili: Urusi
  • Swati: IRashiya
  • Swedish: RUS
  • Swedish: Rossija
  • Swedish: Rossijskaja Federatsija
  • Swedish: Ryska federationen
  • Swedish: Ryssland
  • Swedish: ru
  • Swiss German: Russland
  • Tachawit: Ṛrus
  • Tagalog: Rusia
  • Tagalog: Russia
  • Tagalog: Rusya
  • Tahitian: Rūtia
  • Tajik: РФ
  • Tajik: Российская Федерация
  • Tajik: Россия
  • Tajik: Рус
  • Tajik: Русия
  • Tajik: ФР
  • Tajik: Федератсияи Россия
  • Tajik: Федератсияи Рус
  • Tajik: Федератсияи Русия
  • Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Федералии Россия
  • Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Федералии Русия
  • Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Федеролии Россия
  • Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Федеролии Русия
  • Tamil: உருசியா
  • Tamil: ரஷ்யா
  • Taroko: Russia
  • Tatar: RF
  • Tatar: Rusiä
  • Tatar: Rusiä Federatsiäse
  • Tatar: Räsäy
  • Tatar: РФ
  • Tatar: Россия
  • Tatar: Россия Федерациясе
  • Tatar: Русия
  • Tatar: Русия Федерациясе
  • Tatar: Рәсәй
  • Tatar: Рәсәй Федерациясе
  • Telugu: రష్య
  • Telugu: రష్యా
  • Tetum: Rúsia
  • Thai: ประเทศรัสเซีย
  • Thai: รัสเซีย
  • Tibetan: ཨུ་རུ་སུ་
  • Tibetan: ཨུ་རུ་སུ།
  • Tigrinya: ሩስያ
  • Tigrinya: ራሺያ
  • Tigrinya: ራሻ
  • Tigrinya: ፈደረሽን ሩስያ
  • Tok Pisin: Rasia
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands): Lūsia
  • Tosk Albanian: Russland
  • Tsonga: Rhaxiya
  • Tsonga: Russia
  • Tswana: Russia
  • Tulu: ರಷ್ಯಾ
  • Tumbuka: Russia
  • Tunisian Arabic: روسيا
  • Turkish: Rusya
  • Turkish: Rusya Federasyonu
  • Turkmen: Orsýet
  • Turkmen: Russiýa
  • Turkmen: Russiýa Federasiýasy
  • Tuvinian: Россия
  • Twi: Russia
  • Udmurt: Россия
  • Uighur: روسىيە
  • Ukrainian: РФ
  • Ukrainian: Російська Федерація
  • Ukrainian: Росія
  • Upper Sorbian: Ruska
  • Upper Sorbian: Ruska federacija
  • Urdu: روس
  • Urdu: روسی
  • Uzbek: Rossiya
  • Uzbek: Rossiya Federatsiyasi
  • Uzbek: Россия
  • Venda: Rashia
  • Venetian: Rùsia
  • Veps: VF
  • Veps: Venä
  • Veps: Venäma
  • Veps: Venäman Federacii
  • Vietnamese: Liên bang Nga
  • Vietnamese: Nga
  • Vietnamese: Nga La Tư
  • Vietnamese: Russia
  • Vlaams: Rusland
  • Vlax Romani: Rusiya
  • Volapük: Rusän
  • Võro: Vinnemaa
  • Walloon: Rûsseye
  • Waray (Philippines): Rusya
  • Welsh: Ffederasiwn Rwsia
  • Welsh: Rwsia
  • Western Armenian: Ռուսիա
  • Western Balochi: روسیه
  • Western Frisian: Ruslân
  • Western Mari: Россий
  • Western Panjabi: روس
  • Wolof: Riisi
  • Wu Chinese: 俄罗斯
  • Xhosa: IRashiya
  • Yakut: Арассыыйа
  • Yiddish: רוסלאנד
  • Yoruba: Orílẹ́ède Rọṣia
  • Yoruba: Rọ́síà
  • Yue Chinese: 俄國
  • Yue Chinese: 俄羅斯
  • Zeeuws: Rusland
  • Zhuang: Ezlozswh
  • Zhuang: Ngozlozswh
  • Zulu: IRashiya
  • Zulu: i-Russia
  • Racia
  • Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika
  • Róslandj
  • Rùscia
  • Rɔhyia
  • Россе Федераци
  • 俄罗斯联邦

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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Data © OpenStreetMap contributors and available under the Open Database License. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Russia. See this page's contributions. Photo: Strokin, CC BY 3.0.