Pergamon, Pergamos or Pergamum, was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Aeolis. It is located 26 kilometres from the modern coastline of the on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus and northwest of the modern city of , .

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The "Red Basilica", also called variously the Red Hall and Red Courtyard, is a monumental ruined temple in the ancient city of , now , in western .

The Library of Pergamum in Pergamum, , was one of the most important libraries in the ancient world.

An acropolis was in ancient Greece a settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense.


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