Istanbul is a city of fantastic history, culture and beauty. Called Byzantium in ancient times, the city's name was changed to Constantinople in 324 CE when it was rebuilt by the first Christian Roman Emperor, Constantine.

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The Old City of is the oldest part of the city, and the location of most of its historic sights.

, and Beyoğlu further north with its main thoroughfare, the pedestrianized Istiklal Street, and the adjoining Taksim Square is the district of north of , across the Golden Horn.

The or the Anatolian Side is the half of that is on the mainland, east of the Bosphorus.

The is the channel that connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, and separates Europe from Asia; but the term has also come to mean the neighbourhoods of Istanbul that lie along its banks.


An archipelago of nine islands in the Sea of Marmara just off the of , the are a perfect escape whenever the frantic crowds of Istanbul start to overwhelm you.

The is the district of surrounding the banks of the body of water of the same name, which is a bay of the Bosphorus along its western, European coast.

The are a collection of neighbourhoods, lying west of the Old City walls and sprawling across the Thracian peninsula.

Istanbul's is a modern district north of .

is in , some 25 km west of downtown Istanbul in European Turkey.

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  • Location: , , ,
  • Population: 15,100,000
  • Postal code: 34122
  • IATA airport code: IST
  • United Nations Location Code: TR IST
  • Latitude: 41° 2' 13.2" (41.037°) north
  • Longitude: 28° 59' 6.4" (28.9851°) east
  • Elevation: 39 meters (128 feet)
  • Wikidata: Istanbul
  • Wikimedia Commons: Istanbul

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Other Names for Istanbul

Arabic: اسطنبول, Bulgarian: Tsarigrad, Bulgarian: Истанбул, Catalan: Constantinoble, Czech: Byzantion, Dutch: Constantinopolen, English: Byzantium, English: Constantinople, Esperanto: Konstantinopolo, Finnish: Byzantion, French: Byzance, French: Istanbul, German: Byzantion, German: Istanbul, Greek: Βυζάντιο, Greek: Βυζαντιο, Greek: Ισταμπουλ, Greek: Ισταμπούλ, Greek: Κωνσταντινουπολη, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολη, Greek: στην Πόλι [stimˈboli], Hebrew: ביזנטיון, Hindi: इस्तांबुल, Hungarian: Bizánc, Hungarian: Isztambul, Hungarian: Konstantinápoly, Icelandic: Istanbúl, Italian: Costantinopoli, Italian: Istanbul, Japanese: イスタンブール
Japanese: ビュザンティオン, Korean: 비잔티움, Korean: 이스탄불, Latin: Byzantium, Latvian: Stambula, Low German: Byzanz, Macedonian: Византија (Vizantija), Old Norse: Mikligarður, Polish: Istambuł, Polish: Stambuł, Portuguese: Istambul, Russian: Стамбул, Serbian: Истанбул, Slovak: Byzantion, Spanish: Constantinopla, Spanish: Estambul, Swedish: Byzantion, Swedish: Konstantinopel, Swedish: Micklagård, Turkish: İstanbul, Ukrainian: Стамбул, Constantinopoli, Constantinopolis, Istamboul, Konstantinoupolis, Kustantiniyah, Stamboul, Stambul, Κωνσταντινούπολις, 伊斯坦布尔
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