Istanbul

Istanbul is a city of fantastic history, culture and beauty. Called Byzantium in ancient times, the city's name was changed to Constantinople in 324 CE when it was rebuilt by the first Christian Roman Emperor, Constantine.
Photo: Karsten Wentink, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Popular Destinations

The Old City of Istanbul is the oldest part of the city, and the location of most of its historic sights. Photo: Eaglestein, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The is the district of Istanbul surrounding the banks of the body of water of the same name, which is a bay of the Bosphorus along its western, European coast. Photo: VikiPicture, CC BY-SA 3.0.

An archipelago of nine islands in the Sea of Marmara just off the of Istanbul, the are a perfect escape whenever the frantic crowds of Istanbul start to overwhelm you. Photo: Lkcl it, CC0.

, also known as Istanbul New Airport, is the primary of two passenger airports serving the city of Istanbul. Photo: Kulttuurinavigaattori, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Notable Places in the Area

Tourist attraction
The , or the Seraglio, is a large museum in the east of the district of Istanbul in . Photo: Uspn, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Tourist attraction
The , called Christea Turris by the Genoese, is a medieval stone tower in the / quarter of Istanbul, , just to the north of the 's junction with the Bosphorus. Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Mosque
, officially the Holy Grand Mosque, and formerly the Church of , is a Late Antique place of worship in Istanbul, designed by the Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. Photo: ArildV, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Park
located in the district of Istanbul, , on the coast of the strait, served as the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1856 to 1887 and from 1909 to 1922. Photo: SBarnes, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Destinations

, and Beyoğlu further north with its main thoroughfare, the pedestrianized Istiklal Street, and the adjoining Taksim Square is the district of Istanbul north of , across the Golden Horn. Photo: Ggia, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The or the Anatolian Side is the half of Istanbul that is on the mainland, east of the Bosphorus. Photo: Tsy1980, CC BY-SA 4.0.

The is the neighbourhoods of Istanbul that lie along the banks of the channel of the same name that connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, and separates Europe from Asia. Photo: Edal, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The are a collection of Istanbul neighbourhoods, lying west of the Old City walls and sprawling across the Thracian peninsula. Photo: Nevit, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Istanbul's is a modern district north of . Photo: Elgaard, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Localities in the Area

Town
Üsküdar, traditionally known in Italian and English as Scutari, and in classical antiquity known as Chrysopolis, is a large and densely populated district and municipality of Istanbul, , on the shore of the Bosphorus. Photo: A.Savin, FAL.

Quarter
is a former district of Istanbul in , currently a quarter within the district, which is the capital district of Istanbul and of . Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Quarter
is a quarter midway up the within the district of in Istanbul, . Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Istanbul

Latitude
41.037° or 41° 2' 13.2" north
Longitude
28.9851° or 28° 59' 6.4" east
Open Location Code
8GHC2XPP+Q2
Population
15,500,000
IATA airport code
IST
United Nations Location Code
TR IST
Elevation
39 metres (128 feet)
Open­Street­Map ID
node 1882099475
Geo­Names ID
745044
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Also Known As

  • Abkhazian: Istambul
  • Abkhazian: Сҭампыл
  • Achinese: Éseutamu
  • Adyghe; Adygei: Истамбыл
  • Afar: İstanbul
  • Afrikaans: Istanboel
  • Akan: Istanbul
  • Akan: İstanbul
  • Albanian: Stambolli
  • Amharic: ኢስታንቡል
  • Arabic: Istanbul
  • Arabic: إسطمبول
  • Arabic: إسطنبول
  • Arabic: إسلامبول
  • Arabic: اسطمبول
  • Arabic: اسطنبول
  • Arabic: الأسِتانة
  • Arabic: القُسْطَنْطِيْنِيَّة
  • Arabic: بيزنطة
  • Aragonese: Istambul
  • Aramaic: ܐܝܣܛܢܒܘܠ
  • Armenian: Իսթանպուլ
  • Armenian: Ստամբուլ
  • Assamese: ইষ্টানবুল
  • Asturian; Bable: Estambul
  • Asturian; Bable: İstanbul
  • Avaric: Истамбул
  • Avaric: Истанбул
  • Azerbaijani: İstanbul
  • Balinese: Istanbul
  • Bambara: Istanbul
  • Bashkir: Истанбул
  • Basque: Istanbul
  • Bavarian: Istanbul
  • Belarusian: Канстантынопаль
  • Belarusian: Стамбул
  • Belarusian: Царград
  • Bengali: ইস্তাম্বুল
  • Bhojpuri: इस्तांबुल
  • Bihari : इस्तांबुल
  • Bosnian: Istanbul
  • Breton: Istanbul
  • Bulgarian: Tsarigrad
  • Bulgarian: Истанбул
  • Bulgarian: Константинопол
  • Bulgarian: Цариград
  • Burmese: အစ်စတန်ဘူလ်မြို့
  • Catalan: Constantinoble
  • Catalan: Istanbul
  • Catalan: İstanbul
  • Cebuano: Estambul
  • Cebuano: İstanbul
  • Central Kurdish: ئیستەنبووڵ
  • Central Kurdish: ئیستەنبوڵ
  • Central Kurdish: ئەستەمبوڵ
  • Central Kurdish: ئەستەنبووڵ
  • Central Kurdish: ئەستەنبوڵ
  • Chechen: Истмала
  • Chechen: Стамбул
  • Chichewa; Nyanja: Istanbul
  • Chinese: İstanbul
  • Chinese: 伊斯坦堡
  • Chinese: 伊斯坦布尔
  • Chinese: 伊斯坦布爾
  • Church Slavic: Цѣсар҄ь Градъ
  • Chuvash: Стамбул
  • Cornish: Istanbul
  • Crimean Turkish; Crimean Tatar: İstanbul
  • Croatian: Istanbul
  • Czech: Byzantion
  • Czech: Istanbul
  • Danish: Istanbul
  • Dimli: Estanbol
  • Dutch: Byzantium
  • Dutch: Constantinopel
  • Dutch: Constantinopolen
  • Dutch: Istanboel
  • Dutch: Istanbul
  • Eastern Mari: Стамбул
  • Egyptian Spoken Arabic: استانبول
  • Egyptian Spoken Arabic: اسطنبول
  • English, Old (ca.450-1100): Constantinople
  • English, Old (ca.450-1100): Constantinopolis
  • English: Byzantium
  • English: Constantinople
  • English: İstanbul
  • Erzya: Стамбул ош
  • Esperanto: Istanbulo
  • Esperanto: Konstantinopolo
  • Estonian: İstanbul
  • Extremaduran: Estambul
  • Faroese: Istanbul
  • Fijian: Istanbul
  • Fijian Hindustani: Istanbul
  • Finnish: Byzantion
  • Finnish: Istanbul
  • Finnish: Konstantinopoli
  • Franco-Provençal: Istanboul
  • Franco-Provençal: Istanbul
  • French: Byzance
  • French: Istamboul
  • French: Istambul
  • French: Istanboul
  • French: Istanbul
  • French: Stamboul
  • French: İstanbul
  • Frisian: Istanbûl
  • Friulian: Istanbul
  • Gaelic (Scots): Istanbul
  • Gagauz: İstanbul
  • Gallegan: Istambul
  • Gallegan: İstanbul
  • Gan Chinese: 伊斯坦布爾
  • Georgian: სტამბოლი
  • Georgian: სტამბული
  • German: Byzantion
  • German: Byzanz
  • German: Istanbul
  • German: Konstantinopel
  • Gothic: 𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌱𐌿𐌻
  • Gothic: 𐌺𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽𐍄𐌴𐌹𐌽𐌿𐍀𐌰𐌿𐌻
  • Greek, Ancient (to 1453): Κωνσταντινούπολη
  • Greek: Βυζάντιο
  • Greek: Βυζαντιο
  • Greek: Ισταμπουλ
  • Greek: Ισταμπούλ
  • Greek: Κωνσταντινουπολη
  • Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολη
  • Greek: στην Πόλι [stimˈboli]
  • Guarani: Estambul
  • Guianese Creole French: Istanbul
  • Gujarati: ઈસ્તાંબુલ
  • Haitian; Haitian Creole: Istanboul
  • Hakka Chinese: Istanbul
  • Hausa: Istanbul
  • Hebrew: איסטנבול
  • Hebrew: ביזנטיון
  • Hebrew: קושטא
  • Hindi: इस्तांबुल
  • Hungarian: Bizánc
  • Hungarian: Isztambul
  • Hungarian: Konstantinápoly
  • Icelandic: Istanbúl
  • Ido: Istanbul
  • Iloko: Istanbul
  • Indonesian: Istanbul
  • Ingush: Истмале
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Istanbul
  • Interlingue: Istanbul
  • Irish: Iostanbúl
  • Italian: Costantinopoli
  • Italian: Istanbul
  • Italian: Stambul
  • Jamaican Creole English: Istanbul
  • Japanese: イスタンブル
  • Japanese: イスタンブール
  • Japanese: イスタンブール市
  • Japanese: ビュザンティオン
  • Javanese: Istanbul
  • Kabardian: Истамбыл
  • Kabiyé: Isitambuli
  • Kabyle: Istambul
  • Kalaallisut: Istanbul
  • Kalmyk; Oirat: Истанбул балһсн
  • Kannada: ಇಸ್ತಾಂಬುಲ್
  • Kara-Kalpak: İstanbul
  • Karachay-Balkar: Стампул
  • Kashubian: Sztambùl
  • Kazakh: Константинополь
  • Kazakh: Стамбул
  • Kazakh: Ыстамбұл
  • Kikuyu: İstanbul
  • Kinyarwanda: Istanbul
  • Kirghiz: Стамбул
  • Korean: 비잔티움
  • Korean: 이스탄불
  • Kurdish: Stembol
  • Kurdish: Stenbol
  • Ladin: Istanbul
  • Ladino: Estambol
  • Lak: Истамбул
  • Lao: Istanbul
  • Lao: ອິສະຕັນບູນ
  • Latin: Byzantium
  • Latin: Constantinopolis
  • Latvian: Stambula
  • Letzeburgesch: Istanbul
  • Lezghian: Истамбул
  • Limburgish, Limburger, Limburgan: Istanboel
  • Lingala: Istanbul
  • Lithuanian: Stambulas
  • Livvi: Istanbul
  • Lombard: Istanbul
  • Low German; Low Saxon: Byzanz
  • Low German; Low Saxon: Istanboel
  • Low German; Low Saxon: Istanbul
  • Macedonian: Византија (Vizantija)
  • Macedonian: Истанбул
  • Maithili: इस्तानबुल
  • Malagasy: Istanbul
  • Malay (generic): Istanbul
  • Malayalam: ഇസ്താംബുൾ
  • Maltese: Istanbul
  • Manx: İstanbul
  • Marathi: इस्तंबूल
  • Mazanderani: استامبول
  • Min Dong Chinese: Istanbul
  • Min Nan Chinese: İstanbul
  • Minangkabau: Istanbul
  • Mingrelian: სტამბოლი
  • Moksha: Истанбул
  • Mongolian: Стамбул
  • Moroccan Spoken Arabic: إسطانبول
  • Moroccan Spoken Arabic: إسطنبول
  • Narom: Coustantinoble
  • Narom: Coustantinobles
  • Nauru: Istanbul
  • Nepali: इस्तानबुल
  • Nepali: इस्तान्बुल
  • Newari: इस्तान्बुल
  • Norse, Old: Mikligarður
  • Northern Frisian: Istanbul
  • Northern Luri: استانبول
  • Northern Sami: Istanbul
  • Norwegian: Istanbul
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Istanbul
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Istanbul
  • Novial: Istanbul
  • Occitan (post 1500); Provençal: Istambol
  • Oriya: ଇସ୍ତାନବୁଲ
  • Ossetian; Ossetic: Стамбул
  • Panjabi: ਇਸਤਾਂਬੁਲ
  • Panjabi: ਇਸਤਾਨਬੁਲ
  • Papiamento: Istanbul
  • Persian: استانبول
  • Persian: شهر کنستانتین
  • Persian: قسطنطنیه
  • Picard: Istamboul
  • Piemontese: Istanbul
  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: Istanbul
  • Polish: Istambuł
  • Polish: Istanbul
  • Polish: Konstantynopol
  • Polish: Stambuł
  • Portuguese: Istambul
  • Portuguese: Istanbul
  • Pushto: استانبول
  • Pushto: استنبول
  • Quechua: Istanbul
  • Raeto-Romance: Istanbul
  • Romanian: Istanbul
  • Russia Buriat: Истанбул
  • Russian: Константинополь
  • Russian: Стамбул
  • Rusyn: Істанбул
  • Santali: ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱵᱩᱞ
  • Sardinian: Istanbul
  • Schwyzerdütsch: Istanbul
  • Scots: Istanbul
  • Serbian: Истанбул
  • Serbian: Константинопољ
  • Serbian: Стамбол
  • Serbian: Цариград
  • Serbo-Croatian: Istanbul
  • Sicilian: Istanbul
  • Sindhi: استنبول
  • Sinhalese: ඉස්තාන්බුල්
  • Slovak: Byzantion
  • Slovak: Istanbul
  • Slovenian: Carigrad
  • Slovenian: Istanbul
  • Somali: Istanbuul
  • Sorbian, Lower: Istanbul
  • Sorbian, Upper: Istanbul
  • South Azerbaijani: ایستانبول
  • Spanish: Constantinopla
  • Spanish: Estambul
  • Spanish: İstanbul
  • Swahili (generic): Istanbul
  • Swedish: Byzantion
  • Swedish: Istanbul
  • Swedish: Konstantinopel
  • Swedish: Micklagård
  • Tagalog: Istanbul
  • Tajik: Истанбул
  • Tamil: இசுதான்புல்
  • Tamil: இஸ்தான்புல்
  • Tatar: Истанбул
  • Telugu: ఇస్తాంబుల్
  • Tetum: Istanbul
  • Thai: อิสตันบูล
  • Tosk Albanian: Istanbul
  • Tumbuka: Istanbul
  • Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928): استانبول
  • Turkish: İstanbul
  • Turkmen: Stambul
  • Tuvinian: Истaнбул
  • Twi: Istanbul
  • Udmurt: Стамбул
  • Uighur: Istanbul
  • Uighur: ئىستانبۇل
  • Ukrainian: Стамбул
  • Urdu: استنبول
  • Urdu: قسطنطنیہ
  • Uzbek: Istanbul
  • Venetian: Istanbul
  • Veps: Stambul
  • Vietnamese: Istanbul
  • Volapük: İstanbul
  • Waray (Philippines): Istanbul
  • Welsh: Istanbul
  • Western Mari: Стамбул
  • Western Panjabi: استمبول
  • Wu Chinese: 伊斯坦布尔
  • Yakut: Истанбул
  • Yiddish: סטאמבול
  • Yiddish: קושטא
  • Yoruba: Istanbul
  • Yue Chinese: Istanbul
  • Yue Chinese: 伊斯坦堡
  • Yue Chinese: 伊斯坦布爾
  • Zeeuws: Istanbul
  • Constantinopoli
  • Estamol
  • Istanbuel
  • Konstantiniyye
  • Konstantinoupolis
  • Kustantiniyah
  • Stambols
  • Stanbols
  • Κωνσταντινούπολις
  • Ыстанбұл
  • Պոլիս

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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Data © OpenStreetMap contributors and available under the Open Database License. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Istanbul. See this page's contributions. Photo: Hanneshafner, CC BY-SA 3.0.