Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked country of mountains and valleys in the heart of . Afghanistan has been the center of many powerful empires for the past 2,000 years.

Popular Destinations

has been the capital of Afghanistan since about 1776. Photo: SiarFisher, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Herāt is the third-largest city of Afghanistan. In 2020, it had an estimated population of 574,276, and serves as the capital of , situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River in the western part of the country. Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 4.0.

is the capital of province, and the largest city in . Photo: Wikimedia, OGL.

, officially called Mazari Sharif and also Mazar-i-Sharif, , even Mazar Sharif or Mazar, is a city in Afghanistan and the capital of Balkh Province. Photo: Peretz Partensky, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Destinations

This section covers the Eastern portion of Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia, Public domain.

This section covers the Northeastern portion of Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

This section covers the northwestern portion of Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

This section covers the Western portion of Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

This section covers the Southern portion of Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia, Public domain.

The is a mountain range, a spur running southwest off the Pamir Knot, which is a large clump of high ground at the western end of the . Photo: Wikimedia, Public domain.

Afghanistan

Latitude of center
34° or 34° north
Longitude of center
66.4° or 66° 24' east
Population
32,700,000
Elevation
2260 metres (7415 feet)
Capital
Area
647,500 km² (250,001 miles²)
Currency
Afghani (AFN)
Phone code
93
Internet domain
.af
Open­Street­Map ID
node 26847706
Geo­Names ID
1149361
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Also Known As

  • Abkhazian: Afɣanistan
  • Achinese: Afghanistan
  • Adyghe: Афганистан
  • Afar: Afg'anstan
  • Afrikaans: Afganistan
  • Afrikaans: Afghanistan
  • Akan: Afganistan
  • Albanian: Afganistan
  • Albanian: Afganistani
  • Amharic: አፍጋኒስታን
  • Arabic: Afganistan
  • Arabic: أفغانستان
  • Arabic: افغانستان
  • Aragonese: Afganistán
  • Armenian: Աֆղանիստան
  • Armenian: Աֆղանստան
  • Arpitan: Afganistan
  • Assamese: আফগানিস্তান
  • Asturian: AF
  • Asturian: AFG
  • Asturian: Afganistán
  • Asturian: Afghanistán
  • Asturian: República Islámica d'Afganistán
  • Atayal: Afghanistan
  • Awadhi: अफगानिस्तान
  • Azerbaijani: Əfqanıstan
  • Azerbaijani: Əfqənistan
  • Balinese: Afganistan
  • Bambara: Afiganistaŋ
  • Bashkir: Афғанстан
  • Basque: Afganistan
  • Bavarian: Afghanistan
  • Belarusian: Афганістан
  • Belarusian: Аўганістан
  • Bengali: আফগানিস্তান
  • Bengali: আফগানিস্থান
  • Bhojpuri: ''इस्लामिक गणतन्त्र अफगानिस्तान'''
  • Bhojpuri: अफ़ग़ानिस्तान
  • Bishnupriya: আফগানিস্তান
  • Bosnian: Afganistan
  • Bosnian: Avganistan
  • Bosnian: Islamska Republika Afganistan
  • Bosnian: af
  • Bosnian: 🇦🇫
  • Brahui: Aoģánistán
  • Breton: Afghanistan
  • Buginese: Afghanistan
  • Bulgarian: Афганистан
  • Burmese: အာဖဂန်နစ္စတန်
  • Burmese: အာဖဂန်နစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ
  • Catalan: Afganistan
  • Catalan: República de l'Afganistan
  • Cebuano: Afghanistan
  • Cebuano: Apganistan
  • Cebuano: Nasod nga Afghano
  • Central Bikol: Apganistan
  • Central Kurdish: ئەفغانستان
  • Chamorro: Afghanistan
  • Chavacano: Afghanistan
  • Chechen: АфгIанистан
  • Chechen: ОвхӀан-пачхьалкх
  • Chechen: ОвхӀан
  • Cherokee: ᎠᏫᎨᏂᏍᏖᏂ
  • Cheyenne: Afghanistan
  • Chinese: Afghanistan
  • Chinese: Āfùhàn
  • Chinese: 阿富汗
  • Chinese: 阿富汗伊斯兰共和国
  • Chuvash: Афганистан
  • Cornish: Afghanistan
  • Corsican: Afghanistan
  • Crimean Tatar: Afğanistan
  • Croatian: Afganistan
  • Czech: Afganistan
  • Czech: Afghánistán
  • Czech: Afghánská islámská republika
  • Danish: Afghanistan
  • Danish: Den Islamiske Republik Afghanistan
  • Dhivehi: އަފްޣާނިސްތާން
  • Dimli (individual language): Efğanıstan
  • Dotyali: अफगानिस्तान
  • Dutch: AF
  • Dutch: AFG
  • Dutch: Afghanistan
  • Dzongkha: ཨཕ་ག་ནིསི་ཏཱན
  • Dzongkha: ཨཕ་ག་ནིསི་ཏཱན་
  • Eastern Mari: Афганистан
  • Egyptian Arabic: افغانستان
  • English: AFG
  • English: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • English: af
  • English: 🇦🇫
  • Erzya: Афганистан Мастор
  • Esperanto: Afganio
  • Esperanto: Afganistano
  • Esperanto: Afganujo
  • Esperanto: Islama Respubliko Afganio
  • Estonian: Afganistan
  • Ewe: Afghanistan nutome
  • Extremaduran: Afganistán
  • Faroese: Afganistan
  • Faroese: Afghanistan
  • Fiji Hindi: Afghanistan
  • Finnish: Afganistan
  • Finnish: Afganistanin islamilainen tasavalta
  • French: AF
  • French: Af.
  • French: Afghanistan
  • French: RIA
  • French: République islamique d’Afghanistan
  • French: la République islamique d’Afghanistan
  • French: pays des Cavaliers
  • Friulian: Afghanistan
  • Fulah: Afganistaan
  • Fulah: Afganistan
  • Gagauz: Afganistan
  • Galician: Afganistán
  • Galician: República Islámica de Afganistán
  • Ganda: Afaganisitani
  • Georgian: ავღანეთი
  • Georgian: ავღანეთის ისლამური რესპუბლიკა
  • German: Afghanistan
  • German: Islamische Republik Afghanistan
  • Goan Konkani: Afghanistan
  • Goan Konkani: अफगाणिस्तान
  • Gorontalo: Afganistan
  • Gothic: 𐌰𐍆𐌲𐌰𐌽𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽
  • Greek: Αφγανιστάν
  • Greek: Ισλαμική Δημοκρατία του Αφγανιστάν
  • Guarani: Ahyganitã
  • Guianese Creole French: Afganistan
  • Gujarati: અફઘાનિસ્તાન
  • Haitian: Afganistan
  • Hakka Chinese: Afghanistan
  • Hakka Chinese: Â-fu-hon
  • Hausa: Afaganistan
  • Hausa: Afghanistan
  • Hausa: ʻApekanikana
  • Hawaiian: ‘Apekanikana
  • Hebrew: אפגניסטאן
  • Hebrew: אפגניסטן
  • Hindi: अफगानिस्तान
  • Hindi: अफ़ग़ानिस्तान
  • Hindi: अफ़गानिस्तान
  • Hindi: अफ़्गानिस्तान
  • Hungarian: Afganisztán
  • Hungarian: Afganisztáni Iszlám Köztársaság
  • Icelandic: Afganistan
  • Ido: Afganistan
  • Iloko: Apganistan
  • Inari Sami: Afganistan
  • Inari Sami: Afganistan islamlâš täsiväldi
  • Indonesian: Afganistan
  • Indonesian: Afghanistan
  • Ingush: Афганистане
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Afghanistan
  • Interlingue: Afghanistan
  • Inuktitut: ᐊᑉᒐᓂᔅᑕᓐ
  • Irish: An Afganastáin
  • Italian: Afghanistan
  • Italian: Repubblica Islamica dell'Afghanistan
  • Jamaican Creole English: Afganistan
  • Japanese: アフガニスタン
  • Japanese: アフガニスタン・イスラム共和国
  • Japanese: アフガニスタン・イスラム国
  • Japanese: アフガン
  • Javanese: Afganistan
  • Javanese: Afghanistan
  • Kabardian: Афганистэн
  • Kabiyè: Afganistani
  • Kabyle: Afɣanistan
  • Kalaallisut: Afghanistan
  • Kalmyk: Сарта Апганмудин Орн
  • Kannada: ಅಫಘಾನಿಸ್ಥಾನ್
  • Kannada: ಅಫ್ಘಾನಿಸ್ತಾನ
  • Kara-Kalpak: Afg'anstan
  • Karachay-Balkar: Афганистан
  • Kashubian: Afganistón
  • Kazakh: Ауғанстан
  • Khmer: សាធារណរដ្ឋឥស្លាមអាហ្វហ្កានីស្ថាន
  • Khmer: អាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន
  • Kikuyu: Afghanistan
  • Kikuyu: Afuganistani
  • Kinyarwanda: Afuganisitani
  • Kirghiz: Афганистан
  • Kirghiz: Афганстан
  • Komi: Афганистан
  • Kongo: Afghanistan
  • Korean: 아프가니스탄
  • Korean: 아프간
  • Kurdish: Afxanistan
  • Kurdish: Efxanistan
  • Kurdish: ئەفغانستان
  • Kölsch: Afghanistan
  • Ladin: Afghanistan
  • Ladino: Afganistan
  • Lao: Apganistan
  • Lao: ປະເທດອັຟການິສະຖານ
  • Lao: ປະເທດອາຟະການິດສະຖານ
  • Lao: ອັຟການິດສະຖານ
  • Latin: Afgania
  • Latvian: Afganistāna
  • Lezghian: Афганистан
  • Lezghian: Афгъанистан
  • Ligurian: Afghanistan
  • Limburgan: Afganistan
  • Limburgan: Afghanistan
  • Lingala: Afganistáni
  • Lingala: Afiganisitá
  • Lingua Franca Nova: Afganistan
  • Literary Chinese: 阿富汗
  • Lithuanian: Afganistanas
  • Livvi: Afganistuanu
  • Lojban: afyganisTAN
  • Lombard: Afghanistan
  • Low German: Afghanistaan
  • Low German: Afghanistan
  • Lower Sorbian: Afghanistan
  • Luba-Katanga: Afuganisita
  • Lule Sami: Afganistádna
  • Lule Sami: Afganistádna islámalasj republihkka
  • Lule Sami: Afganistádna islámalasj republijkka
  • Luxembourgish: Afghanistan
  • Macedo-Romanian: Afganistan
  • Macedonian: Авганистан
  • Madurese: Afganistan
  • Madurese: Afghanistan
  • Maithili: ''इस्लामिक गणतन्त्र अफगानिस्तान'''
  • Maithili: अफगानिस्तान
  • Malagasy: Afganistana
  • Malagasy: Afghanistan
  • Malay: Afghanistan
  • Malayalam: അഫ്ഗാനിസ്താൻ
  • Malayalam: അഫ്ഗാനിസ്ഥാന്‍
  • Maltese: Afganistan
  • Maltese: Afghanistan
  • Maltese: Repubblika Iżlamika tal-Afganistan
  • Manx: Yn Afghanistaan
  • Maori: Awhekenetana
  • Maori: Āwhekenetāna
  • Marathi: अफगाणिस्तान
  • Mazanderani: افخانئون
  • Mazanderani: افغانستان
  • Mazanderani: افغانستون
  • Min Dong Chinese: Afghanistan
  • Min Nan Chinese: A-hù-hān
  • Min Nan Chinese: Afghanistan
  • Min Nan Chinese: Á-hu-gān
  • Minangkabau: Afganistan
  • Mingrelian: ავღანეთი
  • Mirandese: Afeganistan
  • Moksha: Афганистан
  • Mongolian: Афганистан
  • Moroccan Arabic: أفغانستان
  • Moroccan Arabic: أفغانيستان
  • Nauru: Apeganitan
  • Nepali: ''इस्लामिक गणतन्त्र अफगानिस्तान'''
  • Nepali: अफगानिस्तान
  • Nepali: अफ्गानिष्तान
  • Newari: अफगानिस्तान
  • North Ndebele: Afghanistan
  • Northern Frisian: Afghaanistaan
  • Northern Luri: افغانستان
  • Northern Sami: Afganistan
  • Northern Sami: Afganistána
  • Northern Sami: Afghanistan
  • Northern Sami: Afghanistan islamalaš dásseváldi
  • Northern Sami: Afghanistan islamlaš dásseváldi
  • Norwegian: Afghanistan
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Afghanistan
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Afghanistan
  • Novial: Afganistan
  • Occitan (post 1500): Afganistan
  • Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܐܦܓܐܢܣܛܐܢ
  • Old English (ca. 450-1100): Afghanistan
  • Oriya: ଆଫଗାନିସ୍ତାନ
  • Oriya: ଆଫାଗାନିସ୍ତାନ୍
  • Oromo: Afgaanistaan
  • Ossetian: Афгъанистан
  • Pali: अफगानस्थान
  • Pampanga: Afganistan
  • Pampanga: Afghanistan
  • Pangasinan: Afghanistan
  • Panjabi: ਅਫ਼ਗ਼ਾਨਿਸਤਾਨ
  • Papiamento: Afganistán
  • Pennsylvania German: Afganischtaan
  • Persian: Jamhūrī-ye Islāmī-ye Afghānistān
  • Persian: افغانستان
  • Persian: جمهورئ اسلامئ افغانستان
  • Persian: دولتٔ اسلامئ افغانستان
  • Piemontese: Afgànistan
  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: Afganistaan
  • Polish: Afganistan
  • Portuguese: Afeganistão
  • Portuguese: República Islâmica do Afeganistão
  • Pushto: Dê Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūriyat
  • Pushto: افغانستان
  • Pushto: د افغانستان اسلامی جمهوریت
  • Quechua: Afgansuyu
  • Quechua: Aqanisuyu
  • Romanian: Afganistan
  • Romanian: Афганистан
  • Romansh: Afganistan
  • Romansh: Afghanistan
  • Rundi: Afuganisitani
  • Russia Buriat: Афганистан
  • Russian: Афганистан
  • Russian: Исламская Республика Афганистан
  • Rusyn: Афґаністан
  • Sakizaya: Afghanistan
  • Samoan: Afakanisitana
  • Samogitian: Afganistanas
  • Samogitian: Afganėstans
  • Sango: Faganïta, Afganïstäan
  • Sanskrit: अफगानस्थान
  • Sanskrit: अफगानिस्तान्
  • Sanskrit: अफगानिस्थानम्
  • Santali: ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ
  • Saraiki: افغانستان
  • Sardinian: Afganistàn
  • Sardinian: Afghànistan
  • Saterfriesisch: Afghanistan
  • Scots: Afghanistan
  • Scottish Gaelic: Afganastan
  • Scottish Gaelic: Afghanastàn
  • Serbian: Avganistan
  • Serbian: Авганистан
  • Serbo-Croatian: Afganistan
  • Serbo-Croatian: Afghanistan
  • Shan: မိူင်းဢႃႇၾၵၢၼ်ႇၼီႇသတၢၼ်ႇ
  • Shona: Afghanistan
  • Shona: Afuganistani
  • Sicilian: Afganistàn
  • Silesian: Afganistan
  • Silesian: Afgańistan
  • Sindhi: اسلامي جمھوريہ افغانستان
  • Sindhi: افغانستان
  • Sinhala: ඇෆ්ගනිස්ථානය
  • Skolt Sami: Afganistaan
  • Skolt Sami: Afganistaan islaamlaž tääʹssväʹldd
  • Slovak: Afganistan
  • Slovenian: Afganistan
  • Somali: Afgaanistaan
  • Somali: Afgaanistan
  • South Azerbaijani: افغانیستان
  • Spanish: Afganistan
  • Spanish: Afganistán
  • Spanish: Republica Islamica de Afganistan
  • Spanish: República Islámica de Afganistán
  • Sundanese: Apganistan
  • Swahili: Afghanistan
  • Swahili: Afuganistani
  • Swati: I-Afugani
  • Swedish: Afganistan
  • Swedish: Afghanistan
  • Swedish: Islamiska republiken Afghanistan,
  • Swiss German: Afghanischtan
  • Tagalog: Afghanistan
  • Tagalog: Apganistan
  • Tajik: af
  • Tajik: Афғонистан
  • Tajik: Афғонистон
  • Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Исломии Афғонистон
  • Tajik: 🇦🇫
  • Tamil: ஆப்கானித்தான்
  • Tamil: ஆப்கானிஸ்தான்
  • Tatar: Äfğanstan
  • Tatar: Äfğanstan İslam Cömhüriäte
  • Tatar: Әфганстан
  • Telugu: ఆఫ్ఘనిస్తాన్
  • Telugu: ఆఫ్ఘానిస్తాన్
  • Tetum: Afeganistaun
  • Thai: ประเทศอัฟกานิสถาน
  • Thai: อัฟกานิสถาน
  • Tibetan: ཨ་ཧྥུའུ་རྒན་སི་ཐན།
  • Tibetan: ཨཕ་ག་ནི་སྟཱན།
  • Tigrinya: አፍጋኒስታን
  • Tigrinya: ኣፍጋኒስታን
  • Tok Pisin: Afghanistan
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands): ʻAfikānisitani
  • Tosk Albanian: Afghanistan
  • Tsonga: Afghanistan
  • Tumbuka: Afghanistan
  • Tunisian Arabic: أفغانستان
  • Turkish: Afganistan
  • Turkmen: Owganystan
  • Udmurt: Афганистан
  • Uighur: ئافغانىستان
  • Ukrainian: Ісламська Республіка Афганістан
  • Ukrainian: Афганістан
  • Upper Sorbian: Afghanistan
  • Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ افغانستان
  • Urdu: افغانستان
  • Uzbek: Afg'oniston
  • Uzbek: Afgʻoniston
  • Uzbek: Афғонистон
  • Venetian: Afganistan
  • Veps: Afganistan
  • Vietnamese: A Phú Hãn (Afghanistan)
  • Vietnamese: Afghanistan
  • Vietnamese: Áp-ga-ni-xtan
  • Vlaams: Afghanistan
  • Volapük: Lafganistän
  • Võro: Afganistan
  • Waray (Philippines): Afganistan
  • Welsh: Affganistan
  • Welsh: Afghanistan
  • Western Armenian: Աֆղանիստան
  • Western Balochi: اوگانستان
  • Western Frisian: Afganistan
  • Western Panjabi: افغانستان
  • Wolof: Afganistaan
  • Wu Chinese: 阿富汗
  • Yakut: Афганистаан
  • Yiddish: אפגאניסטאן
  • Yoruba: Afghanístàn
  • Yoruba: Orílẹ́ède Àfùgànístánì
  • Yue Chinese: 阿富汗
  • Zeeuws: Afghanistan
  • Zhuang: Afghanistan
  • Zulu: I-Afganistani
  • Zulu: i-Afghanistan
  • Afghānestān
  • Da Afghānestān Shāhī Dowlat
  • Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Doulat i Jumhouri ye Afghanistan
  • Dowlat-e Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān
  • Dowlat-e Pādshāhī-ye Afghānestān
  • Islamic State of Afghanistan
  • Jomhūrī-ye Afghānestān
  • Jomhūrī-ye Demowkrātīk-e Afghānestān
  • Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān
  • Kingdom of Afghanistan
  • Republic of Afghanistan
  • Ооганстан
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوريت
  • អាហ្វកានីស្ថាន

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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Data © OpenStreetMap contributors and available under the Open Database License. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Afghanistan. See this page's contributions. Photo: afgmatters, CC BY 2.0.