Middle East

The Middle East is a region mainly in Western , between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. While the region is known for its arid climate, not all of the land consists of desert.

Popular Destinations

is a city of fantastic history, culture and beauty. Photo: Hanneshafner, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a bi-continental country: while geographically most of the country is situated in , Eastern Thrace is part of Europe and many Turks have a sense of European identity. Photo: Moonik, CC BY-SA 3.0.

, formerly Persia, can be considered part of the Middle East or ; indeed the Persian Empire was the dominant Central Asian power for many centuries. Photo: Wikimedia, GFDL.

The State of is a small yet diverse Middle Eastern country. Photo: Bienchido, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Destinations

is a republic in the Middle East. While contains ancient Mesopotamia, the cradle… Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

is a country in the Levant region of the Middle East. Photo: Yvonnefm, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a kingdom which geographically dominates the Arabian peninsula. Photo: Mardetanha, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, south of . Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

The or simply the Emirates is a country rich in history and culture at the entrance to the Persian Gulf. Photo: Simisa, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The Republic of is a country in the Middle East on the Mediterranean Sea. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

is an Arab kingdom in the Middle East, at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

The Palestinian territories, also known as or the State of , consists of two physically separate entities, the and the , in the Middle East. Photo: KlausFoehl, CC BY-SA 3.0.

, officially the Sultanate of , is a country on the southeastern coast of the in Western Asia and the oldest independent state in the Arab world. Photo: Alfred Weidinger, CC BY 2.0.

is one of the least developed and poorest countries in the Middle East and has endured a bloody civil war since at least 2011. Photo: JamesA, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a rich Arab state occupying a small peninsula extending into the Persian Gulf to the north of . Photo: paultraf, CC BY 2.0.

The Kingdom of is a Middle Eastern archipelago in the Persian Gulf, tucked into a pocket of the sea flanked by and . Photo: Peter, CC BY 2.0.

is a monarchy at the Persian Gulf, bordering and . Photo: jackversloot, CC BY 2.0.

is the capital and largest city of Israel, though most other countries and the United Nations do not recognize it as Israel's capital. Photo: Yonah baby, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Middle East

Latitude of center
28.5354° or 28° 32' 7.3" north
Longitude of center
48.4295° or 48° 25' 46" east
Population
371,000,000

Also Known As

  • Abkhazian: Asamar alemmas
  • Afrikaans: Midde-Ooste
  • Albanian: Lindja e Mesme
  • Albanian: Lindje e Mesme
  • Amharic: መካከለኛው ምሥራቅ
  • Arabic: Butnga Sinirangan
  • Arabic: الشرق الأوسط
  • Arabic: العنصر المتوسطي الشرقي
  • Aragonese: Orient Meyo
  • Armenian: Միջին Արևելք
  • Arpitan: Moyen-Oriant
  • Asturian: Mediu Oriente
  • Asturian: Oriente Mediu
  • Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq
  • Banjar: Timur Tangah
  • Bashkir: Урта Көнсығыш
  • Bashkir: Яҡын Көнсығыш
  • Basque: Ekialde Hurbila
  • Belarusian: Сярэдні Ўсход
  • Belarusian: Сярэдні Усход
  • Bengali: মধ্যপ্রাচ্য
  • Bhojpuri: मध्य पूरुब
  • Bosnian: Bliski Istok
  • Bosnian: Srednji istok
  • Breton: Reter-Kreiz
  • Bulgarian: Близък Изток
  • Bulgarian: Среден Изток
  • Burmese: အရှေ့အလယ်ပိုင်းဒေသ
  • Catalan: Orient Mitjà
  • Central Kurdish: رۆژهەڵاتی ناوەڕاست
  • Central Kurdish: رۆژھەڵاتی ناوین
  • Central Kurdish: ڕۆژهەڵاتی ناوەڕاست
  • Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین
  • Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوەڕاست
  • Chechen: Юккъера Малхбале
  • Chinese: Tiong-tang
  • Chinese: 中东
  • Chinese: 中東
  • Chinese: 中東人
  • Chuvash: Малти Хĕвелтухăç
  • Cornish: Est Kres
  • Corsican: Mediu Urienti
  • Croatian: Bliski istok
  • Croatian: Srednji istok
  • Czech: Střední východ
  • Danish: Mellemøsten
  • Dimli (individual language): Rocakewtena Miyani
  • Dotyali: मध्य पूर्व
  • Dutch: Midden-Oosten
  • Egyptian Arabic: الشرق الاوسط
  • English: Mid East
  • English: Middle East, Mideast
  • English: Near East
  • English: West Asia
  • English: Western Asia
  • Esperanto: Meza Oriento
  • Esperanto: Mezoriento
  • Esperanto: Proksima oriento
  • Esperanto: Proksimoriento
  • Estonian: Lähis-Ida
  • Extremaduran: Orienti Meiu
  • Faroese: Miðeystur
  • Fiji Hindi: Middle East
  • Finnish: Lähi-itä
  • French: Moyen-Orient
  • Gagauz: Ortadoğu
  • Galician: Oriente Medio
  • Gan Chinese: 中東
  • Georgian: შუა აღმოსავლეთი
  • German: Naher Osten
  • German: Nahost
  • German: Vorderer Orient
  • Gothic: 𐌼𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌹𐍃 𐌰𐌿𐍃𐍄𐍂𐌰
  • Greek: Μέση Ανατολή
  • Guianese Creole French: Mwayen-Oryan
  • Hausa: Gabas ta Tsakiya
  • Hausa: Gabas ta tsakiya
  • Hebrew: המזרח התיכון
  • Hindi: मध्य पूर्व
  • Hungarian: Közel-Kelet
  • Icelandic: Mið-Austurlönd
  • Iloko: Tengnga a Daya
  • Inari Sami: Alda-nuorttâ
  • Indonesian: Timur Tengah
  • Ingush: Юкъера Малхбоале
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Oriente Medie
  • Irish: An Meánoirthear
  • Italian: Medio Oriente
  • Jamaican Creole English: Migl Iis
  • Japanese: 中東
  • Javanese: Wétan Tengah
  • Kabiyè: Moyen-Orient tɛtʋ wandamm
  • Kabyle: Agmuḍ alemmas
  • Kannada: ಮಧ್ಯ ಪ್ರಾಚ್ಯ
  • Karachay-Balkar: Орта Кюнчыгъыш
  • Kazakh: Таяу Шығыс
  • Khmer: មជ្ឈិមបូព៌ា
  • Kirghiz: Жакынкы Чыгыш
  • Kirghiz: Жакынкы чыгыш
  • Komi-Permyak: Шӧрӧт Асыввыв
  • Korean: 중동
  • Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn
  • Kölsch: Nahe Oste
  • Ladino: Medio Oryente
  • Lao: Tengnga a Daya
  • Latin: Asia occidentalis
  • Latin: Oriens Medius
  • Latvian: Tuvie Austrumi
  • Limburgan: Midde-Ooste
  • Literary Chinese: 中東
  • Lithuanian: Viduriniai Rytai
  • Lithuanian: Vidurinieji Rytai
  • Lombard: Orient Median
  • Low German: Nahoost
  • Luxembourgish: Noen Osten
  • Macedonian: Близок Исток
  • Malagasy: Afovoany Atsinanana
  • Malagasy: Azia Andrefana
  • Malay: Timur Tengah
  • Malay: تيمور تڠه
  • Malayalam: മദ്ധ്യപൂർവേഷ്യ
  • Marathi: मध्यपूर्व
  • Mazanderani: خاورمیونه
  • Min Dong Chinese: Dṳ̆ng-dĕ̤ng
  • Min Nan Chinese: Tiong-tang
  • Minangkabau: Timur Tangah
  • Mirandese: Medio Ouriente
  • Mirandese: Médio Ouriente
  • Mongolian: Ойрх Дорнод
  • Mongolian: Ойрхи Дорнод
  • N'Ko: ߊߙߊߓߎ߫ ߕߌ߲ߡߎߣߎ߲
  • Narom: Êst du Mitan
  • Nepali: मध्य पूर्व
  • Newari: मध्य पूर्व
  • Northern Sami: Gaska-nuorti
  • Norwegian: Midtøsten
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Asia Minor
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Den Nære Orienten
  • Norwegian Bokmål: For-Asia
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Levanten
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Lille-Asia
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Lilleasia
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Midt-Østen
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Midtøsten
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Vest-Asia
  • Norwegian Bokmål: vestasia
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Midtausten
  • Occitan (post 1500): Orient Mejan
  • Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܡܕܢܚܐ ܡܨܥܝܬܐ
  • Oriya: ମଧ୍ୟ ପୂର୍ବ
  • Ossetian: Астæуккаг Хурыскæсæн
  • Pampanga: Kalibudtang Aslagan
  • Panjabi: ਮੱਧ-ਪੂਰਵ
  • Panjabi: ਮੱਧ ਪੂਰਬ
  • Persian: خاورمیانه
  • Piemontese: Vzin Orient
  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: West Asya
  • Polish: Bliski Wschód
  • Polish: Środkowy Wschód
  • Portuguese: Médio Oriente
  • Portuguese: Oriente Médio
  • Pushto: منځنی ختيځ
  • Romanian: Orientul Mijlociu
  • Russia Buriat: Дунда Дурна
  • Russian: Средний Восток
  • Rusyn: Середнїй Выход
  • Sardinian: Oriente Mèdiu
  • Saterfriesisch: Nai Aaste
  • Scots: Middle East
  • Scottish Gaelic: An Ear Mheadhanach
  • Serbian: Средњи исток
  • Serbo-Croatian: Agmuḍ anammas
  • Serbo-Croatian: Nahe Oste
  • Serbo-Croatian: Srednji Istok
  • Shona: Middle East
  • Sicilian: Mediu Urienti
  • Slovak: Stredný východ
  • Slovenian: Srednji vzhod
  • Somali: Bariga Dhexe
  • South Azerbaijani: اورتاشرق
  • Southern Sotho: Botjhabela Bohare
  • Spanish: Cercano Oriente
  • Spanish: Oriente Medio
  • Spanish: Oriente proximo
  • Spanish: Proximo Oriente
  • Spanish: Próximo Oriente
  • Sundanese: Wétan Tengah
  • Swahili: Mashariki ya Kati
  • Swedish: Mellanöstern
  • Swiss German: Naher Osten
  • Swiss German: Nooche Oste
  • Tagalog: Gitnang Silangan
  • Tamil: மத்திய கிழக்கு
  • Tamil: மத்திய கிழக்கு நாடுகள்
  • Tatar: Урта Көнчыгыш
  • Telugu: మధ్య ప్రాచ్యం
  • Thai: ตะวันออกกลาง
  • Tosk Albanian: Naher Osten
  • Tsonga: Vuxa-dyambu bya le xikarhi
  • Turkish: Orta Doğu
  • Turkmen: Orta Gündogar
  • Udmurt: Матысь Шунды ӝужан пал
  • Uighur: ئوتتۇرا شەرق
  • Ukrainian: Середній Схід
  • Urdu: مشرق وسطی
  • Urdu: مشرق وسطیٰ
  • Uzbek: Oʻrta Sharq
  • Venetian: Medio Oriente
  • Venetian: Mèdio Oriente
  • Venetian: Oriente Mezan
  • Vietnamese: Trung Đông
  • Vlaams: Middn-Ôostn
  • Võro: Lähkü-Hummogumaa
  • Walloon: Moyén Levant
  • Waray (Philippines): Butnga Sinirangan
  • Welsh: Y Dwyrain Canol
  • Western Frisian: Midden-Easten
  • Western Panjabi: مشرق وسطا
  • Western Panjabi: مشرق وسطی
  • Wolof: Penku gu Diggu
  • Wu Chinese: 中東
  • Yakut: Ближнэй Восток
  • Yiddish: מיטל מזרח
  • Yue Chinese: 中東
  • Zeeuws: Midden-Oôsten
  • Medie Oriende
  • Mîtrin Levant
  • Среден Исток

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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Middle East. See this page's contributions. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.