Italy ★

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe, occupying the Italian Peninsula, as well as the Po Valley south of the . Once the core of the mighty Roman Empire, and the cradle of the Renaissance, it is also home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world, including high art and monuments.

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is financially the most important city in , and home to the Borsa Italiana stock exchange.

can be divided into several districts. The so-called historical center is quite small, being only around 4% of the city's area.

used to be an independent republic, and remains one of Italy's most important cities.


Central contains several distinctive regions that have played a formidable role not only in Italian history, but in world history, as the centres of the Etruscan and Roman civilizations and of the Holy See of the Catholic Church.


consists of four of 's regions: , , and .

is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, between the Balearic islands and the Italian peninsula and south of .

is a rugged and attractive island on the southern tip of , and is one of the country's 20 regions.

Southern , sometimes known as the Mezzogiorno, is arguably as much a state of mind and a culture as a location, but for the purposes of this guide, it starts south of the boundaries of the Molise and Campania regions.


  • Location: 
  • Population:  60,300,000
  • Latitude of center:  42° 54' (42.9°) north
  • Longitude of center:  12° 30' (12.5°) east
  • Elevation:  673 meters (2,208 feet)
  • Capital: 
  • Area:  301,230 km² (116,306 miles²)
  • Languages:  Italian, German, French, Sardinian, Catalan, Corsican, Slovenian
  • Currency:  Euro (EUR)
  • Phone code:  39
  • Internet domain:  .it
  • Neighbors:  , , , , ,
  • Wikidata:  Italy
  • Wikimedia Commons:  Italy

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Afrikaans:  Italië Akan:  Itali Albanian:  Itali Albanian:  Italia Amharic:  ጣሊያን Amharic:  ጣልያን Arabic:  إيطاليا Arabic:  ايطاليا Aragonese:  Italia Armenian:  Իտալիա Arpitan:  Étalie Assamese:  ইটালি Asturian:  Italia Azerbaijani:  İtaliya Bambara:  Itali Basque:  Italia Bavarian:  Italien Belarusian:  Італія Bengali:  ইতালী Bosnian:  Italija Breton:  Italia Bulgarian:  Италия Burmese:  အီတလီ Catalan:  Itàlia Central Khmer:  អ៊ីតាលី Chinese:  意大利 Church Slavic:  Италї Chuvash:  Итали Cornish:  Itali Corsican:  Italia Croatian:  Italija Czech:  Itálie Danish:  Italien Dutch:  Italië Dzongkha:  ཨྀཊ་ལི English:  Italian Republic English:  Republic of Italy Esperanto:  Italio Esperanto:  Italujo Estonian:  Itaalia Ewe:  Italia nutome Faroese:  Italia Finnish:  Italia French:  Italie Friulian:  Italie Fulah:  Itali Galician:  Italia Ganda:  Yitale Georgian:  იტალია German:  Italien Greek:  Ιταλία Gujarati:  ઇટાલી Haitian:  Itali Hausa:  Italiya Hawaiian:  Italia Hebrew:  איטליה Hindi:  इटली Hungarian:  Olaszország Icelandic:  Ítalía Ido:  Italia Iloko:  Italia Indonesian:  Itali Indonesian:  Italia Interlingua:  Italia Irish:  An Iodáil Italian:  Italia Italian:  Repubblica Italiana Italian:  il Bel Paese Japanese:  イタリア Japanese:  イタリア共和国 Kalaallisut:  Italia Kannada:  ಇಟಲಿ Kazakh:  Италия Kikuyu:  Italia Korean:  이탈리아 Kurdish:  Îtalya Kurdish:  ئیتاڵی Ladino:  Italia Lao:  ອິຕາລີ Latin:  Italia Latvian:  Itālija Ligurian:  Italia Limburgan:  Italië Lingala:  Itali Lithuanian:  Italija Livvi:  Itualii Lojban:  gugdrxitali Lojban:  italias Lombard:  Itàlia Low German:  Italien Luba-Katanga:  Itali Luxembourgish:  Italien Macedonian:  Италија Malagasy:  Italia Malay:  Itali Malayalam:  ഇറ്റലി Maltese:  Italja Marathi:  इटली Mongolian:  Итали Narom:  Italie Neapolitan:  Italia Nepali:  इटाली North Ndebele:  Itali Northern Sami:  Itália Norwegian:  Italia Norwegian Bokmål:  Italia Norwegian Nynorsk:  Italia Occitan:  Itàlia Official Aramaic:  ܐܝܛܠܝܐ Official Aramaic:  ܝܜܠܝܐ Oriya:  ଇଟାଲୀ Ossetian:  Итали Persian:  ایتالیا Piemontese:  Italia Polish:  Włochy Portuguese:  Itália Pushto:  اټاليا Pushto:  ایټالیه Quechua:  Italya Romagnol:  Itâglia Romanian:  Italia Romansh:  Italia Rundi:  Ubutaliyani Russian:  Италия Sango:  Italùii Sanskrit:  इटली Sardinian:  Itàlia Scottish Gaelic:  An Eadailt Serbian:  Италија Serbo-Croatian:  Italija Sichuan Yi:  ꑴꄊꆺ Sicilian:  Italia Sinhala:  ඉතාලිය Slovak:  Taliansko Slovenian:  Italija Somali:  Talyaani Somali:  Talyaaniga Spanish:  Italia Spanish:  República Italiana Swahili:  Italia Swahili:  Uitaliani Swedish:  Italien Tagalog:  Italya Tahitian:  ’Itāria Tajik:  Итолиё Tamil:  இத்தாலி Telugu:  ఇటలి Thai:  ประเทศอิตาลี Thai:  อิตาลี Tibetan:  དགྱིའི་དའ་རླིས Tibetan:  ཨི་ཀྲར་ལི་ Tigrinya:  ጣሊያን Tok Pisin:  Italia Tonga:  ʻĪtali Turkish:  İtalya Ukrainian:  Італія Upper Sorbian:  Italska Urdu:  اٹلی Uzbek:  Италия Venetian:  Itałia Vietnamese:  Italia (Ý) Vietnamese:  Ý Vlax Romani:  Italiya Volapük:  Litaliyän Waray:  Italya Welsh:  Yr Eidal Western Frisian:  Itaalje Yiddish:  איטאליע Yoruba:  Orílẹ́ède Italiyi Zulu:  i-Italy

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