Leningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast is a region of Northwestern Russia named for the old name of its principal city, Leningrad, now known as Saint Petersburg. It borders Pskov Oblast to the southwest, Estonia and the Gulf of Finland to the west, Finland to the northwest, Karelia and Lake Ladoga to the north, Vologda Oblast to the east, and Novgorod Oblast to the south.

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Saint Petersburg, known as Petrograd in 1914-1924 and Leningrad in 1924-1991, is the second largest city of Russia, with 5 million inhabitants, and the former capital of the Russian Empire.

Peterhof or Petergof, known as Petrodvorets from 1944 to 1992, is a municipal town within Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland.

Staraya Ladoga, Finnish: Vanha Laatokka), or the Aldeigjuborg of Norse sagas, is a village in Leningrad Oblast, located on the mighty Volkhov River eight km north of the town of Volkhov.


Saint Petersburg is a metropolitan district surrounded by Leningrad Oblast, centered on Saint Petersburg.

East Leningrad Oblast is a region in Leningrad Oblast.

West Leningrad Oblast comprises the part of Leningrad Oblast from the Estonian border to the federal city of St. Petersburg.

The Karelian Isthmus is the northwestern part of Leningrad Oblast.

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Other Names for Leningrad Oblast

  • English:  Leningrad Oblast, Leningradskaya Oblast'
  • Finnish:  Leningradin alue
  • French:  Oblast de Léningrad
  • Karelian:  Leningradin aloveh
  • Rundi:  Ленинградская Область
  • Russian:  Ленинградская область
  • Swedish:  Leningrad oblast

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