Syria

Syria is one of the larger states of the . Its capital, and second largest city after , is , the world's oldest continuously inhabited city.

Popular Destinations

is the capital of Syria and the fourth holiest city in Islam. Photo: علي الصمادي, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is a semi-autonomous region of Syria, inhabited mostly by Kurds, and also known as Syrian Kurdistan.

is the largest city in Syria - population 2.1 million. Photo: Wurzelgnohm, CC0.

The , or Southeastern Desert, is a vast and sparsely populated region in southeastern Syria. Photo: Eusebius, CC BY 3.0.

Destinations

The also spelled Hawran or Houran) is a region that spans parts of southern Syria and northern . Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

The Coast and Mountains of Syria is a region in the west of the country. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0.

The is a region in west-central Syria. Photo: Inkey, CC BY-SA 3.0.

is the region around , Syria. It contains the as well. Photo: Bgag, CC BY-SA 3.0.

The is a rocky plateau at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, and straddles the borders of Syria and . Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY 2.5.

Syria

Latitude of center
35.228° or 35° 13' 40.8" north
Longitude of center
38.408° or 38° 24' 28.8" east
Population
18,900,000
Elevation
918 metres (3012 feet)
Capital
Area
185,180 km² (71,498 miles²)
Currency
Pound (SYP)
Phone code
963
Internet domain
.sy
Open­Street­Map ID
node 424311806
Geo­Names ID
163843
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Also Known As

  • Abkhazian: Surya
  • Abkhazian: Шьамтәыла
  • Achinese: Suriah
  • Achinese: Suriyah
  • Adyghe: Сирие
  • Afar: Siriya
  • Afrikaans: Sirië
  • Akan: Siria
  • Albanian: Siri
  • Albanian: Siria
  • Amharic: ሲሪያ
  • Amharic: ሶርያ
  • Arabic: Ash Shām
  • Arabic: Sirya
  • Arabic: Sūriyā
  • Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية
  • Arabic: الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة
  • Arabic: الشام
  • Arabic: سوريا
  • Arabic: سورية
  • Aragonese: Siria
  • Armenian: Սիրիա
  • Armenian: Սիրիայի Արաբական Հանրապետություն
  • Armenian: Սուրիա
  • Arpitan: Siria
  • Arpitan: Sirie
  • Assamese: ছিৰিয়া
  • Asturian: Siria
  • Avaric: Сирия
  • Avaric: Шам
  • Awadhi: सीरिया
  • Azerbaijani: Siriya
  • Azerbaijani: Suriya
  • Bambara: Siri
  • Bambara: Suriya
  • Bashkir: Сирия
  • Bashkir: Сүриә
  • Basque: Siria
  • Bavarian: Syrien
  • Belarusian: Сырыя
  • Belarusian: Сірыйская Арабская Рэспубліка
  • Belarusian: Сірыя
  • Bengali: সিরিয়া
  • Bengali: সিরিয়া
  • Bhojpuri: सीरिया
  • Bishnupriya: সিরিয়া
  • Bosnian: Sirija
  • Brahui: Síríá
  • Breton: Siria
  • Buginese: Suriah
  • Bulgarian: Сирийска Арабска Република
  • Bulgarian: Сирия
  • Burmese: ဆီးရီးယား
  • Burmese: ဆီးရီးယားနိုင်ငံ
  • Catalan: República Àrab Siriana
  • Catalan: Síria
  • Cebuano: Siria
  • Central Bikol: Sirya
  • Central Kurdish: سووریا
  • Chavacano: Siria
  • Chechen: Шема
  • Chinese: Su-lī-a
  • Chinese: Xùlìyà
  • Chinese: 叙利亚/敘利亞
  • Chinese: 叙利亚
  • Chinese: 敘利亞
  • Chinese: 西里亚
  • Chinese: 西里亞
  • Chinese: 阿拉伯敘利亞共和國
  • Church Slavic: Сѷрїꙗ
  • Chuvash: Сири
  • Cornish: Syri
  • Corsican: Siria
  • Crimean Tatar: Suriye
  • Croatian: Sirija
  • Czech: Metropole blízkého východu
  • Czech: Syrská arabská republika
  • Czech: Sýrie
  • Czech: metropole starověku
  • Danish: Syrien
  • Dhivehi: ސޫރިޔާ
  • Dimli (individual language): Suriya
  • Dotyali: सीरिया
  • Dutch: SY
  • Dutch: SYR
  • Dutch: Syrie
  • Dutch: Syrië
  • Eastern Mari: Сирий
  • Egyptian Arabic: سوريا
  • English: SYR
  • English: Syrian Arab Republic
  • English: sy
  • English: 🇸🇾
  • Esperanto: Araba Respubliko Sirio
  • Esperanto: SY
  • Esperanto: Sirio
  • Estonian: Süüria
  • Estonian: Süüria Araabia Vabariik
  • Ewe: Siria nutome
  • Extremaduran: Siria
  • Extremaduran: Síria
  • Faroese: Syria
  • Faroese: Sýria
  • Fiji Hindi: Syria
  • Finnish: Syyria
  • Finnish: Syyrian arabitasavalta
  • French: République arabe syrienne
  • French: SY
  • French: Surie
  • French: Syrie
  • Fulah: Sirii
  • Fulah: Suriya
  • Gagauz: Siriya
  • Gagauz: Suriye
  • Galician: Siria - سورية
  • Galician: Siria
  • Galician: سوری
  • Ganda: Siriya
  • Georgian: სირია
  • German: Syrien
  • Gilaki: سوری
  • Goan Konkani: Syria
  • Goan Konkani: सीरिया
  • Gothic: 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌾𐌰/Saurja
  • Gothic: 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌾𐌰
  • Greek: Συρία, Αραβική Δημοκρατία της
  • Greek: Συρία
  • Guarani: Siria
  • Guarani: Síria
  • Guianese Creole French: Siri
  • Gujarati: સિરિયા
  • Gujarati: સીરિયા
  • Haitian: Siri
  • Hakka Chinese: Si-li-â
  • Hausa: Sham, Siriya
  • Hausa: Si-li-â
  • Hausa: Siriya
  • Hausa: Suria
  • Hawaiian: Suria
  • Hebrew: סוריה
  • Hindi: सीरिया
  • Hungarian: Szíria
  • Hungarian: Szíriai Arab Köztársaság
  • Icelandic: Sýrland
  • Ido: Siria
  • Iloko: Siria
  • Inari Sami: Syyria
  • Inari Sami: Syyria arabitäsiväldi
  • Indonesian: Siria
  • Indonesian: Suriah
  • Indonesian: Syria
  • Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Syria
  • Interlingue: Siria
  • Irish: An tSiria
  • Italian: Repubblica Araba di Siria
  • Italian: Siria
  • Jamaican Creole English: Siria
  • Japanese: シリア
  • Japanese: シリア・アラブ共和国
  • Javanese: Suriah
  • Kabardian: Шам
  • Kabiyè: Siirii
  • Kabyle: Surya
  • Kalaallisut: Syria
  • Kalmyk: Сирмудин Араб Орн
  • Kannada: ಸಿರಿಯಾ
  • Kara-Kalpak: Suriya
  • Kashubian: Syrëjô
  • Kazakh: Сирия
  • Khmer: ស៊ីរី
  • Kikuyu: Siria
  • Kikuyu: Syria
  • Kinyarwanda: Siriya
  • Kirghiz: Сирия
  • Komi: Сирия
  • Kongo: Syria
  • Korean: 시리아
  • Kurdish: Sûrî
  • Ladino: Surya
  • Lao: Siria
  • Lao: ຊິເລຍ
  • Latin: Syria
  • Latvian: Sīrija
  • Lezghian: Сирия
  • Ligurian: Sciria
  • Limburgan: Syrië
  • Lingala: Sirí
  • Lingua Franca Nova: Suria
  • Literary Chinese: 敘利亞
  • Lithuanian: Sirija
  • Liv: Zīria
  • Livvi: Sirii
  • Lojban: sixygu'e
  • Lombard: Siria
  • Low German: Syrien
  • Low German: Syrië
  • Lower Sorbian: Syriska
  • Luba-Katanga: Siri
  • Luxembourgish: Syrien
  • Macedonian: Сирија
  • Madurese: Suriah
  • Maithili: सीरिया
  • Malagasy: Siria
  • Malagasy: Syria
  • Malay: Syria
  • Malayalam: സിറിയ
  • Maltese: Repubblika Għarbija Sirjana
  • Maltese: Sirja
  • Manipuri: ꯁꯤꯔꯤꯌꯥ
  • Manx: Yn Teer
  • Maori: Hiria
  • Marathi: सीरिया
  • Mazanderani: سوریه
  • Min Dong Chinese: Sê̤ṳ-lé-ā
  • Min Dong Chinese: Sṳ̆-lê-ā
  • Min Nan Chinese: Su-lī-a
  • Min Nan Chinese: Syria
  • Minangkabau: Suriah
  • Mingrelian: სირია
  • Moksha: Сирие
  • Moksha: Сириянь Арабонь республиксь
  • Mongolian: Сири
  • Mongolian: ꯁꯤꯔꯤꯌꯥ
  • Moroccan Arabic: سوريا
  • Nauru: Syria
  • Nepali: सिरिया
  • Newari: सिरिया
  • Newari: सीरिया
  • North Ndebele: Syria
  • Northern Frisian: Syrien
  • Northern Luri: سوریه
  • Northern Sami: Syria
  • Northern Sami: Syria arabadásseváldi
  • Northern Sami: Syria arábadásseváldi
  • Norwegian: Syria
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Den arabiske republikk Syria
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Syria
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: Syria
  • Novial: Siria
  • Occitan (post 1500): Siria
  • Occitan (post 1500): Súria
  • Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܣܘܪܝܐ
  • Old English (ca. 450-1100): Syria
  • Oriya: ସିରିଆ
  • Oromo: Siiriyaa
  • Ossetian: Сири
  • Pali: सिरिया
  • Pampanga: Siria
  • Pampanga: Syria
  • Panjabi: ਸੀਰੀਆ
  • Papiamento: Siria
  • Papiamento: Syria
  • Persian: آسور، آشور
  • Persian: سوریه
  • Persian: عاسور، عاشور، عاشورا
  • Picard: Sirie
  • Piemontese: Siria
  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: Siriya
  • Polish: Syria
  • Pontic: Συρία
  • Portuguese: Síria
  • Pushto: سوريه
  • Pushto: سوریه
  • Quechua: Sirya
  • Romanian: Republica Arabă Siriană
  • Romanian: Siria
  • Romansh: Siria
  • Rundi: Siriya
  • Russia Buriat: Сири
  • Russian: Сирийская Арабская Республика
  • Russian: Сирия
  • Rusyn: Сирия
  • Sakizaya: Syria
  • Samoan: Suria
  • Samogitian: Sėrėjė
  • Sango: Sirïi
  • Sanskrit: सिरिया
  • Santali: ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ
  • Sardinian: Siria
  • Scots: Sirie
  • Scots: Syrie
  • Scottish Gaelic: Siria
  • Serbian: Sirija
  • Serbian: Сирија
  • Serbo-Croatian: Sirija
  • Shan: မိူင်းသီးရီးယႃး
  • Shona: Syria
  • Sicilian: Siria
  • Silesian: Syryjo
  • Sindhi: شام
  • Sinhala: සිරියාව
  • Skolt Sami: Syyria
  • Skolt Sami: Syyria araabtääʹssväʹldd
  • Slovak: Sýria
  • Slovak: Sýrska arabská republika
  • Slovenian: Sirija
  • Somali: Suuriya
  • South Azerbaijani: سوریه
  • Spanish: República Árabe de Siria
  • Spanish: Siria
  • Sranan Tongo: Syirikondre
  • Sundanese: Suriah
  • Swahili: Siria
  • Swahili: Syria
  • Swati: ISiriya
  • Swedish: Syrien
  • Swedish: Syriska arabiska republiken
  • Swiss German: Syrie
  • Tagalog: Siria
  • Tagalog: Syria
  • Tajik: Сурия
  • Tamil: சிரியா
  • Tatar: Сүрия
  • Telugu: సిరియా
  • Tetum: Síria
  • Thai: ซีเรีย
  • Thai: ประเทศซีเรีย
  • Tibetan: སི་རི་ཡ།
  • Tigrinya: ሱርያ
  • Tigrinya: ሲሪያ
  • Tok Pisin: Syria
  • Tonga (Tonga Islands): Sīlia
  • Tosk Albanian: Syrien
  • Tsonga: Syria
  • Tumbuka: Syria
  • Tunisian Arabic: سوريا
  • Turkish: Suriye
  • Turkmen: Siriýa
  • Twi: Syria
  • Udmurt: Сирия
  • Uighur: سۇرىيە
  • Ukrainian: Сирійська Арабська Республіка
  • Ukrainian: Сирія
  • Upper Sorbian: Syriska
  • Urdu: سوریہ
  • Urdu: سیریا
  • Uzbek: Suriya
  • Veps: Sirii
  • Vietnamese: Syria
  • Vietnamese: Xi-ri (Syria)
  • Vietnamese: Xi-ri
  • Vlaams: Syrië
  • Volapük: Süriyän
  • Võro: Süüria
  • Walloon: Sireye
  • Waray (Philippines): Sirya
  • Welsh: Gweriniaeth Arabaidd Syria
  • Welsh: Syria
  • Western Armenian: Սուրիա
  • Western Balochi: سوریه
  • Western Frisian: Syrje
  • Western Panjabi: شام
  • Wolof: Siri
  • Wu Chinese: 叙利亚
  • Yakut: Сирия
  • Yiddish: סיריע
  • Yoruba: Orílẹ́ède Siria
  • Yoruba: Síríà
  • Yue Chinese: 敘利亞
  • Zeeuws: Syrië
  • Zhuang: Syria
  • Zulu: i-Syria
  • Al-Sham
  • Al-Suriyah
  • Al Iqlīm as Sūrī
  • Al Iqlīm ash Shamālī
  • Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah
  • Arām
  • El Sham
  • El Suriya
  • Es Suriya
  • Esh Sham
  • La Syrie
  • Northern Region
  • Syrian Region
  • Sūrīyah

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About Mapcarta. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. Data © OpenStreetMap contributors and available under the Open Database License. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Based on the page Syria. See this page's contributions. Photo: Yvonnefm, CC BY-SA 3.0.